Acid-Base Imbalances

Definition

Acid–base imbalance is an abnormality of the human body’s normal balance of acids and bases that causes the plasma pH to deviate out of the normal range (7.35 to 7.45).

Respiratory Alkalosis

Main Article: Respiratory Alkalosis

Respiratory Alkalosis is an acid-base imbalance characterized by decreased partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide and increased blood pH

Respiratory Acidosis

Main Article: Respiratory Acidosis

Respiratory Acidosis is an acid-base imbalance characterized by increased partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide and decreased blood pH.

Metabolic Alkalosis

Main Article: Metabolic Alkalosis

Metabolic Alkalosis is an acid-base imbalance characterized by excessive loss of acid or excessive gain of bicarbonate.

Metabolic Acidosis

Main Article: Metabolic Acidosis

Metabolic Acidosis is an acid-base imbalance resulting from excessive absorption or retention of acid or excessive excretion of bicarbonate.