Medical abbreviations were made to quickly but accurately document. Here’s a list of medical terminologies that you should know.

Abbreviations & Acronyms

Meaning

 

aaOf each, equal parts
ABRAbsolute bed rest
Abd.Abdomen
acBefore meals
ADAdmitting diagnosis
A&DAdmission and discharge
Ad libAs desired, if the patient so desired
ADLActivities of daily living
Adm.Admission
Ad. Spec.Admission urine specimen
A.M. or a.m., AM or amMorning
ambAmbulation, walking, ambulatory,
able to walk
amt.Amount
AP or A.P.Appendectomy
aquaWater or H2O
@At
Approx.Approximately
B&B or b&bBowel and bladder training
bid or B.I.D. or b.i.d.Twice a day
b.m. or B.M.Bowel movement, feces
B.P. or BPBlood pressure
BR or br or B.R. or b.r.Bedrest
BRP or B.R.P. or brpBathroom priviledges
BSC or bscBedside commode
°CCelsius degree (or centigrade)
?With
CaCancer
Cath.Catheter
CBC or C.B.C.Complete blood count
cc or c.cCubic centimeter
CCU or C.C.UCardiac care unit/ coronary care unit
CBR or C.B.R. or cbrComplete bed rest
C/O or c/oComplaint of
CO2Carbon dioxide
CS or C.S. or c.sCentral supply
CSD or csd or C.S.DCentral service department
CSR or csr and C.S.RCentral supply room
CVA or C.V.ACerebrovascular accident or stroke
CPR or C.P.RCardiopulmonary resuscitation
dc or d/cDiscontinue
del. M. Or d.r., or DRDelivery room
Disch or dish or D/CDischarge
D. % C. or D&CDilatation and curettage
drsg.Dressing
DOA or D.O.ADead on arrival
Dr. or DrDoctor
DXDiagnosis
ECG or EKGElectrocardiogram
ED or E.D.Emergency department
EEG or E.E.G.Electroencephalogram
EENT or E.E.N.T.Eye, ears, nose and throat
E. or EEnema
ER or E.R.Emergency room
°FFahrenheit degree
F. or Fe. or F or FeFemale
FBS or F.B.SFasting blood sugar
FF or F.F.Forced feeding or forced fluids
ftFoot
FxFracture
Fx urineFractional urine
galGallon
GI or G.I.Gastrointestinal
gtOne drop
gttTwo or more drops
Gtt or G.T.T.Glucose tolerance test
GU or G.UGenitourinary
Gyn. or G.Y.N.Gynecology
H2OWater or aqua
HOBHead of bed
hrHour
HS or hsBedtime or hour of sleep
htHeight
hyperAbove or high
hypoBelow or low
H.W.B. or hwb or HWBHot water bottle
ICU or I.C.U.Intensive care unit
I&O or I.&O.Intake and output
IrrIrregular
Isol. Or isolIsolation
IV or I.V.Intravenous
LLiter
Lab. or labLaboratory
lbPound
LVN or L.V.NLicensed vocational nurse
MMale
MatMaternity
MD or M.D.Medical doctor
MeasMeasure
mecMeconium
medMedicine
minMinute
mlMilliliter
Mn or mn or M/nMidnight
N.A. or N/ANursing aide or nursing assistant
n/g tube or ng. tube or N.G.T.Nasogastric tube
noctAt night
NPNeuropsychiatric or nursing procedure
NPO or N.P.ONothing by mouth
nsyNursery
O2Oxygen
OB or O.B.Obstetrics
Obt or obt.Obtained
OJ or O.J.Orange juice
Orb.Orderly
OOB or O.O.B.Out of bed
OPD or O.P.D.Outpatient department
OR or O.R.Operating room
OrthoOrthopedics
OT or O.TOccupational therapy or oral temperature
oz.Ounce
PAR or P.A.R.Postanesthesia room
PcAfter meals
Ped or PedsPediatrics
Perby, through
p.m. or P.M., pm or PMAfternoon
PMC or P.M.CPostmortem care
PN or P.N.Pneumonia
poBy mouth
post or pafter
postop or post opPostoperative
post op specAfter surgery urine specimen
PPPostpartum (after delivery)
PPBSPostprandial blood sugar
preBefore
prn or p.r.n.Whenever necessary, when required
preop or pre opBefore surgery
pre op specUrine specimen before surgery
prepPrepare the patient for surgery by shaving the skin.
Pt or ptPatient; pint
PT or P.T.Physical therapy
qEvery
qdEvery day
qhEvery hour
q2hEvery 2 hours
q3hEvery 3 hours
q4hEvery 4 hours
QHS or qhsEvery night at bed time/ hour of sleep
qid or Q.I.D.Four times a day
qam or q am or q.a.m.Every morning
qod or Q.O.DEvery other day
qsQuantity sufficient, as much as required
qtquart
r or Rrectal or Rectal
Rm or rmRoom
RN or R.N.Registered nurse
Rom or R.O.M.Range of motion
RR or R Rm.Recovery room
RxPrescription or treatment ordered by a physician
s or ?Without
S&ASugar and acetone
S&A test or S.& A. testSugar and acetone test
S&K or S.& K. testSugar and ketone test
SOBShortness of breath
sosWhenever emergency arises; only if necessary
SPDSpecial purchasing department
Spec or spec.Specimen
ss or ??One-half
SSE or S.S.E.Soapsuds enema
StatAt once, immediately
STDSexually transmitted disease
SurgSurgery
tid or T.I.D.Three times a day
TLC or tlcTender loving care
TPRTemperature, pulse, respiration
TWETap water enema
U/a or U/A or u/aUrinalysis
Ung.Ointment, unguentine
VDRLTest for syphilis
V.S or VSVital signs
WBC or W.B.C.White blood count
w/cWheel chair
wc or W.C.Ward clerk
wtWeight

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