Total Abdominal Hysterectomy Bilateral Salpingo Oophorectomy (TAH BSO) is a surgical procedure in which the health care provider removes the uterus including the cervix and the ovaries including the fallopian tubes.
The scar may be horizontal or vertical, depending on the reason the procedure is performed, and the size of the area being treated. It is performed to treat cancer of the ovary(s) and uterus, endometriosis, and large uterine fibroids.
TAH BSO may also be done in some unusual cases of very severe pelvic pain, after a very thorough evaluation to identify the cause of the pain, and only after several attempts at non-surgical treatments.
Clearly a woman cannot bear children herself after this procedure, so it is not performed on women of childbearing age unless there is a serious condition, such as cancer.
TAHBSO allows the whole abdomen and pelvis to be examined, which is an advantage in women with cancer or investigating growths of unclear cause.
Preparation and Positioning of the Patient
- The patient is supine; arms may be extended on arm boards.
- Apply electrosurgical dispersive pad.
- A vaginal and an abdominal preparation are required.
- Put the patient’s legs in a frog-like position and prepare as for Dilatation and Curettage,
- Insert a Foley catheter and connect to continuous drainage.
- Return the patient’s leg to their original position, and replace the safety belt.
- For abdominal preparation using iodine solution, begin at the incision extending from nipple to mid-thighs, and down to the tables at the sides
- Folded towel and a transverse or laparotomy sheet
- A pfannenstiel or the bikini incision is employed.
- The peritoneal cavity is entered and a self retaining retractor place.
- The patient is placed in Trendelenburg position, and the intestines are protected with warm moist (saline) laparotomy pads.
- The round ligaments of the uterus of the uterus are ligated, divided.
- Sutured and tagged with a hemostat.
- After identifying the ureters, the broad ligaments are Incised, and the bladder is reflected from the anterior aspect of the cervix.
- The infundibulopelvic ligaments are ligated and divided.
- The uterosacral ligaments are ligated and divided.
- The ligaments are likewise divided. The vagina is incised circumferentially and the uterine specimen removed.
- A free sponge may be placed in the vagina prior to closure.
- After hemostasis is secured, the vaginal cuff is closed; a drain may be used.
- The stumps of the uterosacral and round ligaments are sutured to the angles of the vaginal closure.
- The pelvic peritoneum is approximated, and the wound is closed.
- The free sponge is removed
Nursing Care Plans
For nursing care plans, please read 8 TAHBSO Nursing Care Plans.