17 Chronic Renal Failure Nursing Care Plans

ADVERTISEMENTS

Chronic renal failure (CRF) or chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the end result of a gradual, progressive loss of kidney function. The loss of function may be so slow that you do not have symptoms until your kidneys have almost stopped working.

The final stage of chronic kidney disease is called end-stage renal disease (ESRD). At this stage, the kidneys are no longer able to remove enough wastes and excess fluids from the body. At this point, you would need dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Nursing Care Plans

The nursing care planning goal for with chronic renal failure is to prevent further complications and supportive care. Client education is also critical as this is a chronic disease and thus requires long-term treatment.

Below are 17 nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for patients with chronic renal failure or chronic kidney disease:

ADVERTISEMENTS
  1. Risk for Decreased Cardiac Output
  2. Risk for Ineffective Protection
  3. Disturbed Thought Process
  4. Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity
  5. Risk for Impaired Oral Mucous Membrane
  6. Deficient Knowledge
  7. Excess Fluid Volume
  8. Acute Pain
  9. Impaired Renal Tissue Perfusion
  10. Impaired Urinary Elimination
  11. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements
  12. NEW Activity Intolerance
  13. NEW Disturbed Body Image
  14. NEW Anticipatory Grieving
  15. NEW Risk for Infection
  16. NEW Risk for Injury
  17. Other Possible Nursing Care Plans
ADVERTISEMENTS

Disturbed Body Image

Nursing Diagnosis

May be related to

  • Biophysical and psychosocial factors

Possibly evidenced by

ADVERTISEMENTS
  • Verbal and nonverbal responses to change in body appearance, disruptions in school attendance and engagement in school activities and socialization
  • Negative feelings about own body, multiple stressors, and change in daily living
  • Severe growth retardation (in height and weight); dry skin, facial puffiness

Desired Outcomes

  • Client will verbalize positive feelings about self.
Nursing InterventionsRationale
Assess child for feelings about skills, long-term illness, struggle in school and social situations, short stature, inability to keep up with peers.Provides information about the state of self-concept and special needs.
Allow expression of feelings and concerns and assist with open communication to parents, teachers, and peers.Provides an opportunity to release feelings and decrease ill feelings about the change in appearance.
Give importance to positive activities and
achievements, refrain from any negative judgments.
Promotes positive body image, confidence, self-esteem.
Support parents to be adaptive in the care of the child and to consolidate care and routines into family routines.Promotes the well-being of the child and a sense of belonging.
Educate parents to maintain support for the child.Encourages acceptance of the child with special needs (dialysis, dietary needs, urinary device, medications).
Educate child and parents about dietary
selections which can be tolerated while dining with peers.
Promotes social interactions with friends within limitations imposed by the disease.
ADVERTISEMENTS

Recommended Resources

Recommended nursing diagnosis and nursing care plan books and resources.

Disclosure: Included below are affiliate links from Amazon at no additional cost from you. We may earn a small commission from your purchase. For more information, check out our privacy policy.

ADVERTISEMENTS

See also

Other recommended site resources for this nursing care plan:

Other care plans and nursing diagnoses related to reproductive and urinary system disorders:

Matt Vera is a registered nurse with a bachelor of science in nursing since 2009 and is currently working as a full-time writer and editor for Nurseslabs. During his time as a student, he knows how frustrating it is to cram on difficult nursing topics. Finding help online is nearly impossible. His situation drove his passion for helping student nurses by creating content and lectures that are easy to digest. Knowing how valuable nurses are in delivering quality healthcare but limited in number, he wants to educate and inspire nursing students. As a nurse educator since 2010, his goal in Nurseslabs is to simplify the learning process, break down complicated topics, help motivate learners, and look for unique ways of assisting students in mastering core nursing concepts effectively.
  • Thank you Matt :) This helped me understand how to do a care plan. I was asked to do one without them showing us a sample first so I was completely lost. Thank you!

  • Hi Matt,
    I’m an RN BSN WCC x 25 years. What you’re doing is great. Keep up the good work. Only suggestion is to broaden examples of applicable POC’s in the community. Community nursing is becoming highly skilled. Especially with Covid. In many cases of CKD, in the community, the CG becomes a huge part of the POC. Teach and Assess must be added to POC.
    Keep going! Its not enough for our nursing students to pass the boards. They need to understand critical thinking, and be creative/problem solve now more than ever.
    Best,
    Sue

    • Hi Sue,

      We’ll do our best to include your suggestion on our nursing care plans (which we are currently updating). And I agree: thinking critically is a must skill. Thank you so much for your kind words!

  • >