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Cystoscopy is a procedure that allows direct visualization of the urethra, urinary bladder, and ureteral orifices through the transurethral insertion of a cystoscope into the bladder.
Test your knowledge about the manifestations of urinary tract disorders, relating manifestations to the pathophysiology of the disorder with this 50-item NCLEX style exam. This exam will exercise your ability to answer questions about the Genitourinary System or the Urogenital System.
Urolithiasis refers to stones (calculi) in the urinary tract. Stones are formed in the urinary tract when the urinary concentration of substances such as calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, and uric acid increases.