Gastroesophageal Reflux

In pediatric gastroesophageal reflux, immaturity of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) function is manifested by frequent transient lower esophageal relaxations (tLESRs), which result in the retrograde flow of gastric contents into the esophagus.

Labor Complications

Getting through labor is one of the most anticipated events during a woman’s pregnancy. To avoid complications during labor, thorough assessment should be conducted by the health care providers early during the woman’s pregnancy.

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