Lung surfactants are naturally occurring compounds or lipoproteins containing lipids and apoproteins that reduce the surface tension within the alveoli, allowing expansion of the alveoli for gas exchange.
Bronchodilators, or antiasthmatics are medications used to facilitate respiration by dilating the airways. They are helpful in symptomatic relief or prevention of bronchial asthma and for bronchospasm associated with COPD.
Learn about the uses and nursing care plan considerations needed for patients taking expectorants and mucolytics in this nursing pharmacology guide.
Antihistamines block the release or action of histamine, a chemical released during inflammation that increases secretions and narrows airways.
Learn about the uses and nursing care plan considerations needed for patients taking decongestants in this nursing pharmacology study guide.
Antitussives act on the cough-control center in the medulla to suppress the cough reflex; if the cough is nonproductive and irritating, an antitussive may be taken.
Drugs that affect anterior pituitary hormones mimic or antagonize the effects of specific pituitary hormones.
Hypothalamic agents can inhibit or stimulate the release of hormones from the anterior pituitary using hormones or factors. However, not all of these hormones are available for pharmacological use.
Adrenocortical agents are drugs used as short-term treatment to suppress immune system in patients with inflammatory disorders. They are also used for replacement therapy to maintain hormone levels when adrenal glands are not functioning adequately.
Parathyroid agents are drugs used to treat disorders that affect serum calcium levels. This can be either antihypocalcemic agent or antihypercalcemic agent (further classified into bisphosphonates and calcitonins).