Arterial Blood Gas Interpretation for NCLEX (40 Questions)

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FT-Arterial Blood Gas (ABGs) Interpretation NCLEX Quiz
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Let us help you review the concepts behind arterial blood gas interpretation for the NCLEX with these acid-base balance practice questions.

Arterial Blood Gas Interpretation Practice Quiz

In this section are the practice problems and questions for arterial blood gas interpretation. This nursing test bank set includes 40 questions divided into two parts. Includes topics are: arterial blood gas interpretation, acid-base balance and imbalances, respiratory acidosis and alkalosis, and metabolic acidosis and alkalosis.

Quizzes included in this ABG nursing test bank are:

Guidelines

  • Read and understand each question before choosing the best answer. 
  • Since this is a review, answers and rationales are shown after you click on the "Check" button. 
  • There is no time limit, answer the questions at your own pace. 
  • Once all questions are answered, you'll be prompted to click the "Quiz Summary" button where you'll be shown the questions you've answered or placed under "Review". Click on the "Finish Quiz" button to show your rating. 
  • After the quiz, please make sure to read the questions and rationales again by click on the "View Questions" button. 
  • Comment us your thoughts, scores, ratings, and questions about the quiz in the comments section below!
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Part 1: Arterial Blood Gas Interpretation Practice Quiz (20 Items)

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Arterial Blood Gas Reviewer

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Gil Wayne graduated in 2008 with a bachelor of science in nursing and during the same year, earned his license to practice as a registered nurse. His drive for educating people stemmed from working as a community health nurse where he conducted first aid training and health seminars and workshops to teachers, community members, and local groups. Wanting to reach a bigger audience in teaching, he is now a writer and contributor for Nurseslabs since 2012 while working part-time as a nurse instructor. His goal is to expand his horizon in nursing-related topics, as he wants to guide the next generation of nurses to achieve their goals and empower the nursing profession.

6 COMMENTS

  1. Thank you for work done so far. god bless you.
    I’ll like you to review this question No:20 under ABGs NCLEX Quiz 2. The correct answer you gave contradicts with the rationale -” For these ABG values, pH is NORMAL but slightly acidic and lines up with PACO2 which is METABOLIC. Therefore, this group of ABG values is considered METABOLIC ALKALOSIS.” Thank you.. pls see below.

    20. Question
    Match the acid-base status of the following blood samples to the disorders in the given choices. (PaCO2 values are in mm Hg and bicarbonate values in mmol/l).

    pH 7.39, PaCO2 59, HCO3- 35

    A. Respiratory Acidosis, Uncompensated
    B. Metabolic Alkalosis, Uncompensated
    C. Respiratory Acidosis, Fully Compensated
    D. Metabolic Alkalosis, Partially Compensated
    Correct
    Correct Answer: C. Respiratory Acidosis, Fully Compensated

    Based on the given ABG values, pH is 7.39. For pH, the normal range is 7.35 to 7.45. So it is NORMAL.
    PaCO2 is 59. The normal range for PaCO2 is from 35 to 45. If PaCO2 is above 45, it is acidosis. Based on the given ABG values, PaCO2 is above 45, so it is considered ACIDOSIS.
    HCO3- is 35. The normal range for HCO3 is from 22 to 26. If HCO3 is above 26, it is alkalosis. Based on the given ABG values, HCO3 is above 26, so it is considered ALKALOSIS.
    For these ABG values, pH is NORMAL but slightly acidic and lines up with PACO2 which is METABOLIC. Therefore, this group of ABG values is considered METABOLIC ALKALOSIS.
    Lastly, it is FULLY COMPENSATED because pH is normal. It is considered fully compensated if pH is normal.

    Thompson.

  2. A 73year man has been admitted to the unit with a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease .he states that he has difficulty breathing when walking short distance .he also states that his heart feels like it is racing at the same time .he states that he is tired all the time and while talking to you he is continually wringing his hands and looking out the windows.1.Identify the 4 health problem of the patient.2.formulate the nursing diagnosis

  3. Thompson,
    The PaCo2 is high and the pH is normal but slightly acidic because it is on the lower end. Using the ROME method, this would make it respiratory acidosis, fully compensated. I recommend using the ROME method (respiratory opposite metabolic equal).

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