Giardiasis is a major diarrheal disease found throughout the world. It is usually represents a zoonosis with cross-infectivity between animals and humans.
Cancer is a disease process that begins when an abnormal cell is transformed by the genetic mutation of the cellular DNA.
Neurogenic shock is a distributive type of shock. It is a type of shock (a life-threatening medical condition in which there is insufficient blood flow throughout the body) that is caused by the sudden loss of signals from the sympathetic nervous system that maintain the normal muscle tone in blood vessel walls.
Anaphylactic shock occurs rapidly and is life-threatening. It is a systemic, type I hypersensitivity reaction that often has fatal consequences. Anaphylaxis causes the immune system to release a flood of chemicals that can cause a person to go into shock.
Osteoporosis is classified as a metabolic bone disorder. It occurs when the creation of new bone doesn't keep up with the removal of old bone. It also causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture.
Deep vein thrombosis occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one or more of the deep veins in the body, usually in the legs.
Contact dermatitis, a type IV delayed hypersensitivity reaction, is an acute or chronic skin inflammation that results from direct skin contact with chemicals or allergens.
Hepatic cirrhosis is a chronic hepatic disease characterized by diffuse destruction and fibrotic regeneration of hepatic cells.
In hypovolemic shock, reduced intravascular blood volume causes circulatory dysfunction and inadequate tissue perfusion.
Cardiogenic shock is a condition of diminished cardiac output that severely impairs cardiac perfusion.