Abortion is a medical term for the disruption of a pregnancy before the fetus reaches its viable age of more than 20 to 24 weeks of gestation or weighs at least 500g.


Breastfeeding refers to the act of providing breast milk as the primary source of nutrition and nourishment to an infant directly from the mother’s breast. This natural process involves the baby latching onto the mother’s nipple and suckling, allowing the baby to receive essential nutrients, antibodies, and immune factors present in breast milk.

Care of the Newborn

This nursing note explains the key components of newborn care, including assessment (Agpar scoring, respiratory and physical examination), feeding, hygiene, and promoting bonding between parents and their newborns.

Cesarean Birth

Cesarean birth, also known as a C-section, is a surgical delivery method where the baby is delivered through an incision made in the mother’s abdomen and uterus. This procedure is performed when vaginal delivery is unsafe or not feasible for the mother or the baby, either due to specific medical conditions or during labor complications.

Family Planning/Contraceptive Methods

Contraceptives, also known as birth control methods, are a class of medical interventions or devices used to prevent or decrease the likelihood of pregnancy. These methods work by interfering with the process of conception, either by preventing the release of an egg (ovulation), blocking the fertilization of an egg by sperm, or creating a hostile environment for the implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus.