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Home Notes Diagnostic Tests

Diagnostic Tests

Know all the information nurses need to understand about different diagnostic tests and laboratory exams. Learn about the nursing responsibilities and nursing considerations during each diagnostic procedure, indications, how to prepare your patient, your roles as a nurse, the nursing interventions and implications for each procedure, and know how to interpret the results.

Normal Lab Values Reference Guide

Knowing the different normal lab values is an important step in making an informed clinical decision as a nurse.

Fecal Analysis (Stool Analysis)

Feces is a solid body waste discharged from the large intestine through the anus by the process of defecation. It is made of cellulose and other indigestible food matter, water, and bacteria.

Chest X-ray (Chest Radiography)

Chest X-ray (Chest radiography, CXR) is one of the most frequently performed radiological examination. This study guide can help nurses understand their tasks and responsibilities during a chest x-ray.

Pap Smear (Papanicolaou Smear)

Papanicolaou smear (Pap smear, cervical smear) is a safe, noninvasive cytological examination for early detection of cervical cancer.

Holter Monitoring

Holter monitoring (Ambulatory electrocardiography, ambulatory monitoring, event recorder, Holter electrocardiography) is a noninvasive procedure that continuously records the heart's activity as the patient does his normal routine, usually for 24 to 72 hours.

Cystoscopy

Cystoscopy is a procedure that allows direct visualization of the urethra, urinary bladder, and ureteral orifices through the transurethral insertion of a cystoscope into the bladder.

Mammography (Mammogram)

This study guide can help nurses understand their tasks and responsibilities during mammography.

Echocardiogram

Echocardiography, also known as echo test or heart ultrasound is a noninvasive painless test that uses ultrasound to visualize the shape, size, and movement of the structures of the heart.

Colonoscopy

Colonoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that utilizes a flexible fiberoptic colonoscope inserted into the rectum to allow visual examination of the large intestine (colon) lining

Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap)

Lumbar puncture, also known as spinal tap, is an invasive procedure where a hollow needle is inserted into the space surrounding the subarachnoid space in the lower back to obtain samples of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for qualitative analysis.

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