Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic inflammatory diseases that involves the connective tissues and characterized by destruction and proliferation of synovial membrane resulting in joint destruction, ankylosis, and deformity.
Laminectomy is the excision of a vertebral posterior arch and is commonly performed for injury to the spinal column or to relieve pressure/pain in the presence of a herniated disc. The procedure may be done with or without fusion of vertebrae.
A fracture (sometimes abbreviated FRX or Fx, Fx, or #) is a discontinuity or break in a bone. Most fractures are managed at the community level. Although a number of the interventions listed here are appropriate for this population, this plan of care addresses more complicated injuries encountered on an inpatient acute medical-surgical unit.