Diabetes is a chronic disease, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Here are nursing care plans for diabetes mellitus.
Nurses have an essential role and responsibilities when handling a client with diabetes such as providing child and family with education [..] Here are four (4) nursing care plans (NCP) for diabetes mellitus type 1.
Nursing care plan and goals for fluid and electrolyte imbalances include: maintaining fluid volume at a functional level, patient exhibits normal laboratory values, demonstrates appropriate changes in lifestyle and behaviors including eating patterns and food quantity/quality, re-establishing and maintaining normal pattern and GI functioning.
Here are six (6) nursing care plans (NCP) for Cushing's disease or Cushing's syndrome:
Here are four (4) nursing care plans (NCP) for Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome:
Here are three (3) nursing care plans (NCP) for hypothyroidism (myxedema, cretinism):
Addison's disease or adrenal hypofunction is characterized by decreased mineralocorticoid, glucocorticoid, and androgen secretion.
Metabolic acidosis (primary base bicarbonate [HCO3] deficiency) reflects an excess of acid (hydrogen) and a deficit of base (bicarbonate) resulting from acid overproduction, loss of intestinal bicarbonate, inadequate conservation of bicarbonate, and excretion of acid, or anaerobic metabolism.
Metabolic alkalosis is characterized by a high pH (loss of hydrogen ions) and high plasma bicarbonate caused by excessive intake of sodium bicarbonate, loss of gastric/intestinal acid, renal excretion of hydrogen and chloride, prolonged hypercalcemia, hypokalemia, and hyperaldosteronism.
Respiratory alkalosis is a loss of carbon dioxide (Pco2 <>2CO3) due to a marked increase in the rate of respirations. Nursing care plans for respiratory alkalosis can be found here.