4 Dermatitis Nursing Care Plans

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Dermatitis is a general term that describes an inflammation of the skin. There are different types of dermatitis, including seborrheic dermatitis and atopic dermatitis (eczema). Although the disorder can have many causes and occur in many forms, it usually involves swollen, reddened and itchy skin.

Nursing Care Plans

The nursing care for patients with dermatitis involves treatment for atopic lesions consisting of eliminating all allergens and avoiding irritants, extreme temperatures, and humidity changes, and other factors. Therapy also involves teaching the client on the proper application of topical medications.

Here are four (4) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for patients with dermatitis:

  1. Impaired Skin Integrity
  2. Disturbed Body Image
  3. Risk for Infection
  4. Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity
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Disturbed Body Image

Nursing Diagnosis

Related Factors

  • Visible skin lesions

Defining Characteristics

  • Verbalizes feelings about change in body appearance
  • Verbalizes negative feelings about skin condition
  • Fear of rejection or reactions of others

Desired Outcome

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  • Patient verbalizes feeling about lesions and continues daily activities and social interactions.
Nursing Interventions Rationale
Assess the patient’s perception of changed appearance. The nurse needs to understand the patient’s attitude about visible changes in the appearance of the skin that occur with dermatitis.
Assess the patient’s behavior related to appearance. Patients with body image issues may try to hide or camouflage their lesions. Their socialization may decrease based on anxiety or fear about the reactions of others.
Assist the patient in articulating responses to questions from others regarding lesions and contagion. Patients may need guidance in determining what to say to people who comment about the appearance of their skin. Dermatitis is not a contagious skin condition.
Allow patients to verbalize feelings regarding their skin condition. Through talking, the patient can be guided to separate physical appearance from feelings of personal worth.
Assist patients in identifying ways to enhance their appearance. Clothing, cosmetics, and accessories may direct attention away from the skin lesions. The patient may need help in selecting methods that do not aggravate the skin lesions.
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See Also

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Integumentary Care Plans

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Matt Vera is a registered nurse with a bachelor of science in nursing since 2009 and is currently working as a full-time writer and editor for Nurseslabs. During his time as a student, he knows how frustrating it is to cram on difficult nursing topics. Finding help online is nearly impossible. His situation drove his passion for helping student nurses by creating content and lectures that are easy to digest. Knowing how valuable nurses are in delivering quality healthcare but limited in number, he wants to educate and inspire nursing students. As a nurse educator since 2010, his goal in Nurseslabs is to simplify the learning process, break down complicated topics, help motivate learners, and look for unique ways of assisting students in mastering core nursing concepts effectively.

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