Dermatitis is a general term that describes an inflammation of the skin. There are different types of dermatitis, including seborrheic dermatitis and atopic dermatitis (eczema). Although the disorder can have many causes and occur in many forms, it usually involves swollen, reddened and itchy skin.
Nursing Care Plans
The nursing care for patients with dermatitis involves treatment for atopic lesions consisting of eliminating all allergens and avoiding irritants, extreme temperatures, and humidity changes, and other factors. Therapy also involves teaching the client on the proper application of topical medications.
Risk for Infection
- Risk for Infection
- Impaired skin integrity
- Severe inflammation
- Patient remains free of secondary infection.
|Assess skin for severity of skin integrity compromise.||The skin is the body’s first line of defense against infection. Disruption of the integrity of skin increases the patient’s risk of developing an infection or of scarring.|
|Assess for signs of infection.||Patients with dermatitis are at highest risk for developing skin infections caused by staphylococcus aureus. Purulent drainage from skin lesions indicates infection. With severe infections, the patient may have an elevated temperature.|
|Apply topical antibiotics.||Topical antibiotics may be used to treat infections that occur with dermatitis.|
|Administer oral antibiotics.||Oral antibiotics may be more effective in treating infections on the skin.|
|Encourage the patient to use appropriate hygiene methods.||Keeping the skin clean, dry, and well lubricated reduces skin trauma and risk of infection.|
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Integumentary Care Plans
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