4 Dermatitis Nursing Care Plans

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Dermatitis is a general term that describes an inflammation of the skin. There are different types of dermatitis, including seborrheic dermatitis and atopic dermatitis (eczema). Although the disorder can have many causes and occur in many forms, it usually involves swollen, reddened and itchy skin.

Nursing Care Plans

The nursing care for patients with dermatitis involves treatment for atopic lesions consisting of eliminating all allergens and avoiding irritants, extreme temperatures, and humidity changes, and other factors. Therapy also involves teaching the client on the proper application of topical medications.

Here are four (4) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for patients with dermatitis:

  1. Impaired Skin Integrity
  2. Disturbed Body Image
  3. Risk for Infection
  4. Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity
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Risk for Infection

Nursing Diagnosis

  • Risk for Infection

Risk Factors

  • Impaired skin integrity
  • Severe inflammation
  • Excoriation

Desired Outcome

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  • Patient remains free of secondary infection.
Nursing Interventions Rationale
Assess skin for severity of skin integrity compromise. The skin is the body’s first line of defense against infection. Disruption of the integrity of skin increases the patient’s risk of developing an infection or of scarring.
Assess for signs of infection. Patients with dermatitis are at highest risk for developing skin infections caused by staphylococcus aureus. Purulent drainage from skin lesions indicates infection. With severe infections, the patient may have an elevated temperature.
Apply topical antibiotics. Topical antibiotics may be used to treat infections that occur with dermatitis.
Administer oral antibiotics. Oral antibiotics may be more effective in treating infections on the skin.
Encourage the patient to use appropriate hygiene methods. Keeping the skin clean, dry, and well lubricated reduces skin trauma and risk of infection.
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See Also

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Integumentary Care Plans

All about disorders and conditions affecting the integumentary system:

Matt Vera is a registered nurse with a bachelor of science in nursing since 2009 and is currently working as a full-time writer and editor for Nurseslabs. During his time as a student, he knows how frustrating it is to cram on difficult nursing topics. Finding help online is nearly impossible. His situation drove his passion for helping student nurses by creating content and lectures that are easy to digest. Knowing how valuable nurses are in delivering quality healthcare but limited in number, he wants to educate and inspire nursing students. As a nurse educator since 2010, his goal in Nurseslabs is to simplify the learning process, break down complicated topics, help motivate learners, and look for unique ways of assisting students in mastering core nursing concepts effectively.

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