Anxiety Disorders and Panic Disorders

Anxiety disorders are a group of mental health conditions characterized by persistent feelings of fear, worry, and apprehension that go beyond normal levels of stress. These disorders can significantly impact a person’s thoughts, emotions, and daily life.

Stress and Anxiety

Stress is the physical and emotional response to demands, challenges, or pressures that disturb an individual’s balance and well-being. Anxiety, on the other hand, is a state of heightened unease and apprehension, often accompanied by physical symptoms, triggered by real or perceived threats.

Otitis Media

Otitis media is the inflammation and infection of the middle ear, often resulting from viral or bacterial pathogens. Otitis media can lead to various symptoms, including ear pain, fever, hearing difficulties, and fluid buildup behind the eardrum.

School Phobia

School phobia, also known as school refusal, is characterized by severe anxiety or fear surrounding school attendance, leading to a persistent refusal to attend classes. It can arise from various factors, such as separation anxiety, social difficulties, or academic stress.


Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare but critical metabolic disorder that is caused by a deficiency of an enzyme responsible for breaking down the amino acid phenylalanine, leading to its toxic buildup in the body.

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

Cleft lip and cleft palate are congenital anomalies that occur during early fetal development, resulting in a gap or opening in the upper lip and/or the roof of the mouth (palate).