Galactosemia is a rare and inherited metabolic disorder that affects the body’s ability to break down galactose, a sugar found in milk and other dairy products. It occurs when there is a deficiency of certain enzymes needed to convert galactose into glucose, resulting in the accumulation of toxic substances in the body.

Non-Organic Failure to Thrive

Non-Organic Failure to Thrive (NOFTT) is a condition in infants and young children characterized by inadequate growth and development, not caused by any underlying medical or organic issues. Instead, it results from a complex interplay of environmental, psychosocial, and nutritional factors that impede normal growth.


Scoliosis is a common spinal deformity that involves an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine, often diagnosed during adolescence, but it can occur at any age.


Breastfeeding refers to the act of providing breast milk as the primary source of nutrition and nourishment to an infant directly from the mother’s breast. This natural process involves the baby latching onto the mother’s nipple and suckling, allowing the baby to receive essential nutrients, antibodies, and immune factors present in breast milk.

Care of the Newborn

This nursing note explains the key components of newborn care, including assessment (Agpar scoring, respiratory and physical examination), feeding, hygiene, and promoting bonding between parents and their newborns.