List of Medical and Nursing Abbreviations, Acronyms, Terms 2


Medical abbreviations were made to quickly but accurately document. Here’s a list of medical terminologies that you should know.

Abbreviations & Acronyms



aaOf each, equal parts
ABRAbsolute bed rest
acBefore meals
ADAdmitting diagnosis
A&DAdmission and discharge
Ad libAs desired, if the patient so desired
ADLActivities of daily living
Ad. Spec.Admission urine specimen
A.M. or a.m., AM or amMorning
ambAmbulation, walking, ambulatory,
able to walk
AP or A.P.Appendectomy
aquaWater or H2O
B&B or b&bBowel and bladder training
bid or B.I.D. or b.i.d.Twice a day
b.m. or B.M.Bowel movement, feces
B.P. or BPBlood pressure
BR or br or B.R. or b.r.Bedrest
BRP or B.R.P. or brpBathroom priviledges
BSC or bscBedside commode
°CCelsius degree (or centigrade)
CBC or C.B.C.Complete blood count
cc or c.cCubic centimeter
CCU or C.C.UCardiac care unit/ coronary care unit
CBR or C.B.R. or cbrComplete bed rest
C/O or c/oComplaint of
CO2Carbon dioxide
CS or C.S. or c.sCentral supply
CSD or csd or C.S.DCentral service department
CSR or csr and C.S.RCentral supply room
CVA or C.V.ACerebrovascular accident or stroke
CPR or C.P.RCardiopulmonary resuscitation
dc or d/cDiscontinue
del. M. Or d.r., or DRDelivery room
Disch or dish or D/CDischarge
D. % C. or D&CDilatation and curettage
DOA or D.O.ADead on arrival
Dr. or DrDoctor
ECG or EKGElectrocardiogram
ED or E.D.Emergency department
EEG or E.E.G.Electroencephalogram
EENT or E.E.N.T.Eye, ears, nose and throat
E. or EEnema
ER or E.R.Emergency room
°FFahrenheit degree
F. or Fe. or F or FeFemale
FBS or F.B.SFasting blood sugar
FF or F.F.Forced feeding or forced fluids
Fx urineFractional urine
GI or G.I.Gastrointestinal
gtOne drop
gttTwo or more drops
Gtt or G.T.T.Glucose tolerance test
GU or G.UGenitourinary
Gyn. or G.Y.N.Gynecology
H2OWater or aqua
HOBHead of bed
HS or hsBedtime or hour of sleep
hyperAbove or high
hypoBelow or low
H.W.B. or hwb or HWBHot water bottle
ICU or I.C.U.Intensive care unit
I&O or I.&O.Intake and output
Isol. Or isolIsolation
IV or I.V.Intravenous
Lab. or labLaboratory
LVN or L.V.NLicensed vocational nurse
MD or M.D.Medical doctor
Mn or mn or M/nMidnight
N.A. or N/ANursing aide or nursing assistant
n/g tube or ng. tube or N.G.T.Nasogastric tube
noctAt night
NPNeuropsychiatric or nursing procedure
NPO or N.P.ONothing by mouth
OB or O.B.Obstetrics
Obt or obt.Obtained
OJ or O.J.Orange juice
OOB or O.O.B.Out of bed
OPD or O.P.D.Outpatient department
OR or O.R.Operating room
OT or O.TOccupational therapy or oral temperature
PAR or P.A.R.Postanesthesia room
PcAfter meals
Ped or PedsPediatrics
Perby, through
p.m. or P.M., pm or PMAfternoon
PMC or P.M.CPostmortem care
PN or P.N.Pneumonia
poBy mouth
post or pafter
postop or post opPostoperative
post op specAfter surgery urine specimen
PPPostpartum (after delivery)
PPBSPostprandial blood sugar
prn or p.r.n.Whenever necessary, when required
preop or pre opBefore surgery
pre op specUrine specimen before surgery
prepPrepare the patient for surgery by shaving the skin.
Pt or ptPatient; pint
PT or P.T.Physical therapy
qdEvery day
qhEvery hour
q2hEvery 2 hours
q3hEvery 3 hours
q4hEvery 4 hours
QHS or qhsEvery night at bed time/ hour of sleep
qid or Q.I.D.Four times a day
qam or q am or q.a.m.Every morning
qod or Q.O.DEvery other day
qsQuantity sufficient, as much as required
r or Rrectal or Rectal
Rm or rmRoom
RN or R.N.Registered nurse
Rom or R.O.M.Range of motion
RR or R Rm.Recovery room
RxPrescription or treatment ordered by a physician
s or ?Without
S&ASugar and acetone
S&A test or S.& A. testSugar and acetone test
S&K or S.& K. testSugar and ketone test
SOBShortness of breath
sosWhenever emergency arises; only if necessary
SPDSpecial purchasing department
Spec or spec.Specimen
ss or ??One-half
SSE or S.S.E.Soapsuds enema
StatAt once, immediately
STDSexually transmitted disease
tid or T.I.D.Three times a day
TLC or tlcTender loving care
TPRTemperature, pulse, respiration
TWETap water enema
U/a or U/A or u/aUrinalysis
Ung.Ointment, unguentine
VDRLTest for syphilis
V.S or VSVital signs
WBC or W.B.C.White blood count
w/cWheel chair
wc or W.C.Ward clerk
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Matt Vera is a registered nurse with a bachelor of science in nursing since 2009 and is currently working as a full-time writer and editor for Nurseslabs. During his time as a student, he knows how frustrating it is to cram on difficult nursing topics and finding help online is near to impossible. His situation drove his passion for helping student nurses through the creation of content and lectures that is easy to digest. Knowing how valuable nurses are in delivering quality healthcare but limited in number, he wants to educate and inspire students in nursing. As a nurse educator since 2010, his goal in Nurseslabs is to simplify the learning process, breakdown complicated topics, help motivate learners, and look for unique ways of assisting students in mastering core nursing concepts effectively.


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