Try this 25-item exam about the concepts covering Fundamentals of Nursing. This exam tackles the basics of Anatomy and Physiology, drug administration, dosage calculations and metric conversions.
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Topics or concepts included in this exam are:
- Basic Human Anatomy and Physiology
- Metric conversions
- Various nursing care procedures
To make the most out of this quiz, follow the guidelines below:
- Read each question carefully and choose the best answer.
- You are given one minute per question. Spend your time wisely!
- Answers and rationales are given below. Be sure to read them.
- If you need more clarifications, please direct them to the comments section.
In Exam Mode: All questions are shown in random and the results, answers and rationales (if any) will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 50 minutes in this quiz.
Fundamentals of Nursing NCLEX Practice Quiz 10 (25 Items)
Practice Mode: This is an interactive version of the Text Mode. All questions are given in a single page and correct answers, rationales or explanations (if any) are immediately shown after you have selected an answer. No time limit for this exam.
Fundamentals of Nursing NCLEX Practice Quiz 10 (25 Items)
In Text Mode: All questions and answers are given for reading and answering at your own pace. You can also copy this exam and make a printout.
1. Which of the following is the appropriate meaning of CBR?
A. Cardiac Board Room
B. Complete Bathroom
C. Complete Bed Rest
D. Complete Board Room
2. One (1) tsp is equal to how many drops?
3. 20 cc is equal to how many ml?
4. 1 cup is equal to how many ounces?
5. The nurse must verify the client’s identity before administration of medication. Which of the following is the safest way to identify the client?
A. Ask the client his name
B. Check the client’s identification band
C. State the client’s name aloud and have the client repeat it
D. Check the room number
6. The nurse prepares to administer buccal medication. The medicine should be placed…
A. On the client’s skin
B. Between the client’s cheeks and gums
C. Under the client’s tongue
D. On the client’s conjunctiva
7. The nurse administers cleansing enema. The common position for this procedure is…
A. Sims left lateral
B. Dorsal Recumbent
8. A client complains difficulty of swallowing when the nurse tries to administer capsule medication. Which of the following measures should the nurse do?
A. Dissolve the capsule in a glass of water
B. Break the capsule and give the content with an applesauce
C. Check the availability of a liquid preparation
D. Crash the capsule and place it under the tongue
9. Which of the following is the appropriate route of administration for insulin?
10. The nurse is ordered to administer ampicillin capsule TID p.o. The nurse should give the medication…
A. Three times a day orally
B. Three times a day after meals
C. Two times a day by mouth
D. Two times a day before meals
11. Back Care is best described as:
A. Caring for the back by means of massage
B. Washing of the back
C. Application of cold compress at the back
D. Application of hot compress at the back
12. It refers to the preparation of the bed with a new set of linens
A. Bed bath
B. Bed making
C. Bed shampoo
D. Bed lining
13. Which of the following is the most important purpose of handwashing
A. To promote hand circulation
B. To prevent the transfer of microorganism
C. To avoid touching the client with a dirty hand
D. To provide comfort
14. What should be done in order to prevent contaminating of the environment in bed making?
A. Avoid fanning soiled linens
B. Strip all linens at the same time
C. Finished both sides at the time
D. Embrace soiled linen
15. The most important purpose of cleansing bed bath is:
A. To cleanse, refresh and give comfort to the client who must remain in bed
B. To expose the necessary parts of the body
C. To develop skills in bed bath
D. To check the body temperature of the client in bed
16. Which of the following technique involves the sense of sight?
17. The first techniques used examining the abdomen of a client is:
18. A technique in physical examination that is used to assess the movement of air through the tracheobronchial tree:
19. An instrument used for auscultation is:
20. Resonance is best described as:
A. Sounds created by air-filled lungs
B. Short, high pitch and thudding
C. Moderately loud with musical quality
21. The best position for examining the rectum is:
22. It refers to the manner of walking
B. Range of motion
C. Flexion and extension
23. The nurse asked the client to read the Snellen chart. Which of the following is tested:
24. Another name for knee-chest position is:
25. The nurse prepares IM injection that is irritating to the subcutaneous tissue. Which of the following is the best action in order to prevent tracking of the medication?
A. Use a small gauge needle
B. Apply ice on the injection site
C. Administer at a 45° angle
D. Use the Z-track technique
Answers and Rationale
1. Answer: C. Complete Bed Rest
- Option C: CBR means complete bed rest. For more abbreviations, please see this post.
2. Answer: B. 60
- Option B: One teaspoon (tsp) is equal to 60 drops (gtts).
3. Answer: B. 20
- Option B: One cubic centimeter is equal to one milliliter.
4. Answer: A. 8
- Option A: One cup is equal to 8 ounces.
5. Answer: B. Check the client’s identification band
- Option B: The identification band is the safest way to know the identity of a patient whether he is conscious or unconscious.
- Option A: Ask the client his name only after you have checked his ID band.
6. Answer: B. Between the client’s cheeks and gums
- Option B: Buccal administration involves placing a drug between the gums and cheek, where it also dissolves and is absorbed into the blood.
7. Answer: A. Sims left lateral
- Option A: This position provides comfort to the patient and an easy access to the natural curvature of the rectum.
8. Answer: C. Check the availability of a liquid preparation
- Option C: The nurse should check first if the medication is available in liquid form before doing Choice A. Placing it under the tongue is not the intended way of administering an oral medication.
9. Answer: C. Subcutaneous
- Option C: The subcutaneous tissue of the abdomen is preferred because absorption of the insulin is more consistent from this location than subcutaneous tissues in other locations.
10. Answer: A. Three times a day orally
- Option A: TID is the Latin for “ter in die” which means three times a day. P.O. means per orem or through mouth.
11. Answer: A. Caring for the back by means of massage
- Option A: Back care or massage is usually given in conjunction with the activities of bathing the client. It can also be done on other occasions when a client seems to have a risk of developing skin irritation due to bed rest. The goal when performing this procedure is to enhance relaxation, reduce muscle tension and stimulate circulation.
12. Answer: B. Bed making
- Option B: Bed making is one of the important nursing techniques to prepare various types of bed for patients or clients to guarantee comfort and beneficial position for a specific condition. The bed is particularly important for patients who are sick. The nurse plays inevitable role to ensure comfort and cleanliness for ill patient. It should be adaptable to various positions as per patient’s need because they spend varying amount of the day in bed.
13. Answer: B. To prevent the transfer of microorganism
- Option B: Hand washing is the single most effective infection control measure.
14. Answer: A. Avoid fanning soiled linens
- Option A: Fanning soiled linens would scatter the lodged microorganisms and dead skin cells on the linens.
15. Answer: A. To cleanse, refresh and give comfort to the client who must remain in bed
- Option A: The nurse provides bed bath for patients who must remain in bed and depend on someone else for their care. It is an important part of the patient’s daily care. Not only does it remove sweat, oil, and micro-organisms from the patient’s skin, but it also stimulates circulation and promotes a feeling of self-worth by improving the patient’s appearance. For patients who are on bedrest, bathing can also be a time for socialization.
16. Answer: A. Inspection
- Option A: Palpation is a method of feeling with the fingers or hands during a physical examination. Percussion is a method of tapping on a surface to determine the underlying structure, and is used in clinical examinations to assess the condition of the thorax or abdomen. Auscultation (based on the Latin verb auscultare “to listen“) is listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a stethoscope.
17. Answer: D. Inspection
- Option D: For abdominal exam, auscultation is performed before palpation because the act of palpation could change what was auscultated. Remember the mnemonic “I-A-Per-Pal”.
18. Answer: B. Auscultation
- Option B: Auscultation of the lung is a significant part of the respiratory examination and is necessary for diagnosing several respiratory disorders. Auscultation assesses airflow through the trachea-bronchial tree. It is crucial to distinguish normal respiratory sounds from abnormal ones for example crackles, wheezes, and pleural rub in order to make a correct diagnosis.
19. Answer: C. Stethoscope
- Option C: With the invention of stethoscope by Rene Theophile Hyac in the Laënnec in 1816; the art of auscultation not only became popular worldwide, but also comfortable for patients and physicians.
20. Answer: A. Sounds created by air-filled lungs
- Option A: The lung is filled with air (99% of lung is air), hence, percussion of it gives a resonance.
21. Answer: C. Knee-chest
- Option C: To assume the genu-pectoral position the person kneels so that the weight of the body is supported by the knees and chest, with the buttocks raised. The head is turned to one side and the arms are flexed so that the upper part of the body can be supported in part by the elbows.
22. Answer: A. Gait
- Option A: Gait is the pattern of movement of the limbs of animals, including humans, during locomotion over a solid substrate.
23. Answer: A. Optic
- Option A: Cranial Nerve II or the optic nerve is tested through the use of the Snellen chart.
24. Answer: B. Genu-pectoral
- Option B: Genu-pectoral position is the position of a patient in which the weight of the body is supported on the knees and chest.
25. Answer: D. Use the Z-track technique
- Option D: During the procedure, skin and tissue are pulled and held firmly while a long needle is inserted into the muscle. After the medication is injected, the skin and tissue are released. The needle track that forms during this procedure takes the shape of the letter “Z,” which gives the procedure its name. This zigzag track line is what prevents medication from leaking from the muscle into surrounding tissue.
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