Respiratory acidosis, an elevation in the PaCO2 level), is caused by hypoventilation with reslutant excess carbonic acid. Here’s a nursing care plan for Respiratory Acidosis.
Metabolic acidosis (primary base bicarbonate [HCO3] deficiency) reflects an excess of acid (hydrogen) and a deficit of base (bicarbonate) resulting from acid overproduction, loss of intestinal bicarbonate, inadequate conservation of bicarbonate, and excretion of acid, or anaerobic metabolism.
Metabolic alkalosis is characterized by a high pH (loss of hydrogen ions) and high plasma bicarbonate caused by excessive intake of sodium bicarbonate, loss of gastric/intestinal acid, renal excretion of hydrogen and chloride, prolonged hypercalcemia, hypokalemia, and hyperaldosteronism.
The following are the common nursing care planning and goals for clients with DIC: maintenance of hemodynamic status, maintenance of intact skin and oral mucosa, maintenance of fluid balance, maintenance of tissue perfusion, prevention of complications. Here are four (4) nursing care plans (NCP) for disseminated intravascular coagulation:
Use this nursing care plan and management guide to help care for patients who are mechanically ventilated or with endotracheal intubation. Learn about the nursing assessment, nursing interventions, goals and nursing diagnosis for mechanical ventilation and endotracheal intubation in this guide.
Let us help you review the concepts behind arterial blood gas interpretation for the NCLEX with these acid-base balance practice questions.
In this guide, we’ll help you understand the concepts behind arterial blood gas and teach you the easiest and most fun way to interpret ABGs using the tic-tac-toe method.