Patent Ductus Arteriosus

The ductus arteriosus is a fetal blood vessel that connects the pulmonary artery to the descending aorta. In patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), the lumen of the ductus remains open after birth.

Myocardial Infarction

Myocardial infarction (MI), is used synonymously with coronary occlusion and heart attack, yet MI is the most preferred term as myocardial ischemia causes acute coronary syndrome (ACS) that can result in myocardial death.

Amnestic Disorders

Amnestic disorder is a type of cognitive disorder characterized by significant memory impairment, affecting an individual’s ability to learn new information or recall previously learned facts and experiences.

Dementia

Dementia is a term used to describe a group of progressive neurological disorders that result in a decline in cognitive function and memory. It affects thinking, behavior, and the ability to perform daily activities.