Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology

Welcome to the fascinating world of the Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology tailored for nurses. As the body’s vital system for filtering and expelling waste, understanding its intricate workings is crucial for every nurse. Dive in to explore its structures, functions, and importance in maintaining overall health, ensuring you’re equipped with comprehensive knowledge to provide the best patient care.


Dementia is a term used to describe a group of progressive neurological disorders that result in a decline in cognitive function and memory. It affects thinking, behavior, and the ability to perform daily activities.

Amnestic Disorders

Amnestic disorder is a type of cognitive disorder characterized by significant memory impairment, affecting an individual’s ability to learn new information or recall previously learned facts and experiences.

Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is a significant kidney disorder characterized by a combination of clinical features, including increased protein excretion in the urine (proteinuria), low levels of albumin in the blood (hypoalbuminemia), high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, and edema (swelling) in various parts of the body.

Urolithiasis (Renal Calculi)

Urolithiasis refers to stones (calculi) in the urinary tract. Stones are formed in the urinary tract when the urinary concentration of substances such as calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, and uric acid increases.