4 Herpes Zoster (Shingles) Nursing Care Plans


Herpes zoster, commonly known as shingles, is a viral infection that affects the nerve roots. It causes a painful rash that typically appears in a band or strip on one side of the body. Shingles can be very painful and uncomfortable, and if left untreated, it can lead to complications. Nursing diagnosis for herpes zoster (shingles) nursing care plans are essential for managing this condition. In this article, we will discuss effective strategies for managing this condition and preventing complications.

What is Herpes Zoster?

Herpes zoster, also called shingles, is an infectious condition caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV), the same virus that causes varicella zoster (chickenpox). After a case of chickenpox run its course, the virus lies dormant in the ganglia of the spinal nerve tracts. Then the virus reactivates and travels along the peripheral nerves to the skin, where the viruses multiply and produce painful vesicular eruptions. It is most common in older adults and people who have weak immune systems.

Although VZV typically affects the trunk of the body, the virus may also be noted on the buttocks or face. If an ophthalmic nerve is involved, the client may potentially experience keratitis, ulceration, and possibly blindness. Secondary infection resulting from scratching the lesions is common.

An individual with an outbreak of VZV is infectious for the first 2 to 3 days after the eruption. The incubation period ranges from 7 to 21 days. The total course of the disease is 10 days to 5 weeks from onset to full recovery. Some individuals may develop painful postherpetic neuralgia long after the lesions heal.

Shingles is characterized initially by a burning, tingling, numbness, or itchiness of the skin in the affected area. VZV infection can lead to central nervous system (CNS) involvement; pneumonia develops in about 15% of cases. Approximately 20% of people who have had chickenpox will develop herpes zoster.

Nursing Care Plans

Major nursing goals for a client with shingles may include increased understanding of the disease condition and treatment regimen, relief of discomfort from the lesions, emphasis on strict contact isolation, development of self-acceptance, and absence of complications.


Here are four (4) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis (NDx) for patients with herpes zoster (shingles):

  1. Acute/Chronic Pain
  2. Deficient Knowledge
  3. Risk for Infection
  4. Risk for Disturbed Body Image

Risk for Disturbed Body Image

Patients with herpes zoster or shingles may experience painful lesions on their skin, which can affect their physical appearance and cause discomfort, leading to negative body image perceptions. This can be especially distressing for patients who may already have pre-existing body image concerns, leading to the need for nursing care plans that address and manage these risks.

Nursing Diagnosis

May be related to

  • Preoccupation with changed body part
  • Visible skin lesions

Possibly evidenced by

  • [not applicable]

Desired Outcomes

  • The client will verbalize feelings about lesions and continues daily activities.
  • The client will demonstrate positive body image, as evidenced by the ability to look at, talk about, and care for lesions.

Nursing Assessment and Rationale

1. Assess the client’s perception of his or her changed appearance.
Because the course of an outbreak may span several weeks, clients typically need to work or carry out their usual routine; they may require assistance coping with changes in appearance.

2. Note verbal references to skin lesions.
Scarring may occur with repeated outbreaks or if lesions are infected. This may cause a preoccupation with appearance.

Nursing Interventions and Rationales

1. Discuss reasons for infectious isolation and procedures when indicated.
Taking time to sit down and talk/listen to the client in the room decreases the feeling of isolation and loneliness.

2. Assist the client in articulating responses to questions from others regarding lesions and infectious risk.
Clients may need some guidance in determining what to say to people who comment on the appearance of their skin. The rehearsal of set responses to anticipated questions may provide some reassurance.

3. Suggest the use of concealing clothing when lesions can be easily covered.
This approach may help the client who is having problems adjusting to body image changes.


Recommended Resources

Recommended nursing diagnosis and nursing care plan books and resources.

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Ackley and Ladwig’s Nursing Diagnosis Handbook: An Evidence-Based Guide to Planning Care
We love this book because of its evidence-based approach to nursing interventions. This care plan handbook uses an easy, three-step system to guide you through client assessment, nursing diagnosis, and care planning. Includes step-by-step instructions showing how to implement care and evaluate outcomes, and help you build skills in diagnostic reasoning and critical thinking.

Nursing Care Plans – Nursing Diagnosis & Intervention (10th Edition)
Includes over two hundred care plans that reflect the most recent evidence-based guidelines. New to this edition are ICNP diagnoses, care plans on LGBTQ health issues and on electrolytes and acid-base balance.

NANDA International Nursing Diagnoses: Definitions & Classification, 2021-2023
The definitive guide to nursing diagnoses is reviewed and approved by the NANDA International. In this new version of a pioneering text, all introductory chapters have been rewritten to provide nurses with the essential information they need to comprehend assessment, its relationship to diagnosis and clinical reasoning, and the purpose and application of taxonomic organization at the bedside. A total of 46 new nursing diagnoses and 67 amended nursing diagnostics are presented.

Nurse’s Pocket Guide: Diagnoses, Prioritized Interventions, and Rationales
Quick-reference tool includes all you need to identify the correct diagnoses for efficient patient care planning. The sixteenth edition includes the most recent nursing diagnoses and interventions from NANDA-I 2021-2023 and an alphabetized listing of nursing diagnoses covering more than 400 disorders.

Nursing Diagnosis Manual: Planning, Individualizing, and Documenting Client Care 
Identify interventions to plan, individualize, and document care for more than 800 diseases and disorders. Only in the Nursing Diagnosis Manual will you find for each diagnosis…. subjectively and objectively – sample clinical applications, prioritized action/interventions with rationales – a documentation section, and much more!

All-in-One Nursing Care Planning Resource – E-Book: Medical-Surgical, Pediatric, Maternity, and Psychiatric-Mental Health 
Includes over 100 care plans for medical-surgical, maternity/OB, pediatrics, and psychiatric and mental health. Interprofessional “patient problems” focus familiarizes you with how to speak to patients.

See also

Other recommended site resources for this nursing care plan:

Other nursing care plans affecting the integumentary system:


Paul Martin R.N. brings his wealth of experience from five years as a medical-surgical nurse to his role as a nursing instructor and writer for Nurseslabs, where he shares his expertise in nursing management, emergency care, critical care, infection control, and public health to help students and nurses become the best version of themselves and elevate the nursing profession.

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