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List of Common Drugs & Their Antidotes That Nurses Should Know!

List of Common Antidotes

List of Common Antidotes An antidote is a substance that can counteract a form of poisoning. The term antidote is a Greek word meaning “given against”.

This post will help you familiarize with the common antidotes that are used in the hospital setting.

The following are antidotes that should be familiarized by the nurse to respond to this emergency situation quickly.

Agent/Drug

Antidote

Acetaminophen/Tylenol/Paracetamolacetylcysteine (Mucomyst)
Antcholinesteraseatrophine sulfate or pralidoxime
Anticholinergicsphysostigmine
Benzodiazepinesflumazenil
Beta blockersglucagon
Calcium channel blockersglucagon
Coumadin/Warfarinphytonadione (Vitamin K.)
Cyanideamyl nitrate, sodium nitrate, sodium thiosulfate
Cyclophosphamidemesna
Digoxindigibind
digoxine immune fab
Dopaminephentolamie (Regitine)
Extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS)diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
Ethylene glycolfomepizole
Fluorouracilleucoverin calcium
Heparinprotamine sulfate
Insulin reactionglucose (Dextrose 50%)
Irondeferoxamine
Leaddimercapol, edetate calcium, disodium,
Methotrexateleucovorin calcium
Narcoticsnaloxone (Narcan)
Neuromuscular blockade (paralytics)anticholinesterase agents
Opioid analgesicsnalmefene or naloxone
Potassiumalbuterol inhaler, insulin & glucose, NaHCO3, kayexalate
Tricyclic antidepressantsphyostigmine or NaHCO3

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