List of Medical and Nursing Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms 3

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To effectively communicate either through oral communication and documentation, we healthcare workers should have a sound knowledge about the different abbreviations and acronyms used. Here are some of the acronyms and abbreviations that you might see on charts or documents.

List of Medical and Nursing Abbreviations & Acronyms

A / Galbumin / globulin ratio
AALanterior Axillary Line
ABGarterial blood gases
ACbefore eating
ACEangiotensin converting enzyme
ACLAnterior Cruciate Ligament
ACLSadvanced cardiac life support
ACTHadrenocorticotropic hormone
ADHantidiuretic hormone
ADLactivities of daily living
ADSFAnterior Decomposition Spinal Fusion
AFBacid-fast bacilli
AFPalpha-fetoprotein
AGAappropriate for gestational age
AGNAcute Glomerulonephritis
AIaortic insufficiency
AIDSacquired immune deficiency syndrome
AKAAbove Knee Amputation
AKAabove knee amputation
ALDalcoholic liver disease
ALLacute lymphocytic leukemia
ALPalkaline phosphatase
ALTalanine transaminase, alanine aminotransferase
APRAbdominoperineal Resection
ARFAcute Renal Failure
ASAAcute Surgical Abdomen
ATNacute tubular necrosis
AUboth ears
AVatrioventricular
ad libas much as needed
B.S.Bachelor of Science
B/Kbelow knee
BATBlunt Abdominal Trauma
BIHBilateral Inguinal Hernia
BKABelow Knee Amputation
BMbowel movement or breast milk
BXbiopsy
cwith
C/Ocomplaining of
CAcalcium, cancer, carcinoma
CAAcrystalline amino acids
CABGcoronary artery bypass graft
CADcoronary artery disease
CAPDcontinuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CATcomputerized axial tomography
CACancer
CBCcomplete blood count
CBDcommon bile duct
CBDECommon Bile Duct Exploration
CBDCommon Bile Duct
CBGcapillary blood gas
CBIcontinuous bladder irrigation
CBScapillary blood sugar
CCchief complaint
CCKcholecystokinin
CCPDcontinuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis
CCUclean catch urine or cardiac care unit
CCVcritical closing volume
CFcystic fibrosis
CHFcongestive heart failure
CHOcarbohydrate
CIcardiac index
CKDChronic Kidney Disease
CLEAContinuous Lumbar Epidural Anesthesia
CLTClinical Laboratory Technician
CMLchronic myelogenous leukemia
CNcranial nerves
CNScentral nervous system
COcardiac output
COMChronic Otitis Media
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPchest pain, cleft palate
CPDcephalo-pelvic disproportion
CPKcreatinine phosphokinase
CPPcerebral perfusion pressure
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRCLcreatinine clearance
CRFchronic renal failure
CRTcapillary refill time
CSFcerebrospinal fluid
CTcomputerized tomography
CVAcerebral vascular accident, costovertebral angle
CVPcentral venous pressure
D3Distal Third
D5W5% dextrose in water
DATdiet as tolerated
DC(dc) discontinue
DICdisseminated intravascular coagulopathy
DIHDirect Inguinal Hernia
DKAdiabetic ketoacidosis
DLDirect Laryngoscopy
DMdiabetes mellitus
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid
DNRdo not resuscitate
DOAdead on arrival
DOEdyspnea on exertion
DPTdiphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
DTRdeep tendon reflexes
DVTdeep venous thrombosis
DXdiagnosis
EAAessential amino acids
EBLestimated blood loss
EBVEpstein-Barr Virus
ECCEExtra Capsular Cataract Extraction
ECFextracellular fluid, extended care facility
ECGelectrocardiogram
ECTelectroconvulsive therapy
EDCExtensor Digitorum Communis
EDHEpidural Hematoma
EEAEnd to end Anastomosis
EELEmergency Exploratory Laparotomy
EENTeye, ear, nose and throat
EFADessential fatty acid deficiency
EGDEsophagogastroduodenoscopy
EMGelectromyogram
EMVeyes, motor, verbal response (Glasgow coma scale)
ENTears, nose, and throat
EOMextraocular muscles
ERCPEndoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
ESRerythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRDend stage renal disease
ETendotracheal tube
ETTendotracheal tube
EUAexamination under anesthesia
FBEForeign Body Extraction
FBSfasting blood sugar
FCUFlexor Carpi Ulnaris
FDAFood & Drug Administration
FDPFlexor Digitorum Profundus
FDSFlexor Digitorum Superficial
FESSFunctional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
FEVforced expiratory volume
FFPfresh frozen plasma
FIAFistula in Ano
FNPFamily Nurse Practitioner
FTSGFull Thickness Skin Grafting
GBgallbladder
GCgonorrhea
GCSGlascow Coma Scale
GERDgastroesophageal reflux disease
GETAGeneral Endotracheal Anesthesia
GFRglomerular filtration rate
GIgastrointestinal
GSWGunshot Wound
GTTglucose tolerance test
GUgenitourinary
HBhemoglobin
HBPhigh blood pressure
HCGhuman chorionic gonadotropin
HCO3bicarbonate
HCThematocrit
HDhemodialysis
HDLhigh density lipoprotein
HEENThead, eyes, ears, nose, throat
HPTHemoperitoneum
I & DIncision & Drainage
IBGIliac Bone Graft
ICSIntercostal Space
IIHIndirect Inguinal Hernia
IJIntrajugular
IOCIntraoperative Cholangiogram
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Matt Vera is a registered nurse with a bachelor of science in nursing since 2009 and is currently working as a full-time writer and editor for Nurseslabs. During his time as a student, he knows how frustrating it is to cram on difficult nursing topics and finding help online is near to impossible. His situation drove his passion for helping student nurses through the creation of content and lectures that is easy to digest. Knowing how valuable nurses are in delivering quality healthcare but limited in number, he wants to educate and inspire students in nursing. As a nurse educator since 2010, his goal in Nurseslabs is to simplify the learning process, breakdown complicated topics, help motivate learners, and look for unique ways of assisting students in mastering core nursing concepts effectively.

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