Hospital Diets for Patients

One of the responsibilities of a nurse is to inform and implement a diet for patients. Restrictions in food selection, increasing intake of liquids, or even reinforcing NPO status are ultimately helpful to the patient’s prognosis and overall care.

Here’s a simple list to help nurses determine what is the recommended hospital diet and food intake or restrictions to each disease/condition:

Hospital Diets

Disorder/ConditionRecommended Diet
Acid and Alkali IngestionNPO
Acute CholecystitisNPO to rest the gallbladder
Acute Intestinal ObstructionNPO
Acute renal diseaseLow Protein, high-calorie, fluid-controlled, sodium-controlled, potassium-controlled
Chronic renal diseaseLow Protein, low-sodium, fluid-restricted, potassium-restricted, phosphorous restricted
Cirrhosis with hepatic insufficiency or encephalopathyLow Protein, sodium-restricted, fluid-restricted
ConstipationHigh-fiber and increased fluids
COPDSoft, high-calorie, low-CHON, high-fat, small frequent feedings
Dengue Hemorrhagic FeverAvoid dark colored foods
Diabetes InsipidusLow sodium
Diabetes MellitusDiabetic Diet (Well-balanced diet)
DiarrheaLiquid, low-fiber, regular, fluid and electrolyte replacement
Gallbladder diseasesLow-fat, calorie-restricted, high-protein
GastritisLow-fiber, bland diet
Gouty Arthritis and HyperuricemiaLow purine diet
HepatitisRegular, high-calorie, high-protein
HyperlipidemiasFat-controlled, calorie restricted
Hypertension, heart failure, coronary artery diseasesLow-sodium, calorie restricted, fat-controlled
Kidney stonesIncreased fluid intake
MAO-I TherapyTyramine restricted (preserved foods)
Nephrotic syndromeSodium-restricted, high-calorie, high-protein, potassium-restricted
ObesityCalorie-restricted, high-fiber
OsteoporosisIncrease in calcium
PancreatitisLow-fat, regular, small, frequent feedings; tube feedings or total parenteral nutrition
Peptic ulcerBland
PeritonitisNPO
Pregnancy and HypertensionLow salt, high calcium diet
StrokeMechanical soft, regular or tube feeding
StrokeNPO
Systemic Lupus ErythematosusLow salt diet
UnderweightHigh calorie- high protein
VomitingReplacement of fluid and electrolytes
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Matt Vera is a registered nurse with a bachelor of science in nursing since 2009 and is currently working as a full-time writer and editor for Nurseslabs. During his time as a student, he knows how frustrating it is to cram on difficult nursing topics and finding help online is near to impossible. His situation drove his passion for helping student nurses through the creation of content and lectures that is easy to digest. Knowing how valuable nurses are in delivering quality healthcare but limited in number, he wants to educate and inspire students in nursing. As a nurse educator since 2010, his goal in Nurseslabs is to simplify the learning process, breakdown complicated topics, help motivate learners, and look for unique ways of assisting students in mastering core nursing concepts effectively.

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