One of the responsibilities of a nurse is to inform and implement a diet for patients. Restrictions in food selection, increasing intake of liquids, or even reinforcing NPO status are ultimately helpful to the patient’s prognosis and overall care.
Here’s a simple list to help nurses determine what is the recommended hospital diet and food intake or restrictions to each disease/condition:
|Acid and Alkali Ingestion||NPO|
|Acute Cholecystitis||NPO to rest the gallbladder|
|Acute Intestinal Obstruction||NPO|
|Acute renal disease||Low Protein, high-calorie, fluid-controlled, sodium-controlled, potassium-controlled|
|Chronic renal disease||Low Protein, low-sodium, fluid-restricted, potassium-restricted, phosphorous restricted|
|Cirrhosis with hepatic insufficiency or encephalopathy||Low Protein, sodium-restricted, fluid-restricted|
|Constipation||High-fiber and increased fluids|
|COPD||Soft, high-calorie, low-CHON, high-fat, small frequent feedings|
|Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever||Avoid dark colored foods|
|Diabetes Insipidus||Low sodium|
|Diabetes Mellitus||Diabetic Diet (Well-balanced diet)|
|Diarrhea||Liquid, low-fiber, regular, fluid and electrolyte replacement|
|Gallbladder diseases||Low-fat, calorie-restricted, high-protein|
|Gastritis||Low-fiber, bland diet|
|Gouty Arthritis and Hyperuricemia||Low purine diet|
|Hepatitis||Regular, high-calorie, high-protein|
|Hyperlipidemias||Fat-controlled, calorie restricted|
|Hypertension, heart failure, coronary artery diseases||Low-sodium, calorie restricted, fat-controlled|
|Kidney stones||Increased fluid intake|
|MAO-I Therapy||Tyramine restricted (preserved foods)|
|Nephrotic syndrome||Sodium-restricted, high-calorie, high-protein, potassium-restricted|
|Osteoporosis||Increase in calcium|
|Pancreatitis||Low-fat, regular, small, frequent feedings; tube feedings or total parenteral nutrition|
|Pregnancy and Hypertension||Low salt, high calcium diet|
|Stroke||Mechanical soft, regular or tube feeding|
|Systemic Lupus Erythematosus||Low salt diet|
|Underweight||High calorie- high protein|
|Vomiting||Replacement of fluid and electrolytes|
4 thoughts on “Hospital Diets for Select Disease Conditions”
do you whats the diet for diververticulitis?
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I’ve started working as a medical interpreter and I’ve been checking all the content throughout the week.
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Can hospital staff limit diet carbs/ calories if a patient choses to be non compliant