7 Cerebral Palsy Nursing Care Plans

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Cerebral Palsy refers to a group of neurological disorders that affect body movement, balance, and posture. In many cases, speech, vision difficulties, seizure or cognitive problem are also affected. It is caused by the abnormal development or damage to a part of the brain that controls movement. It usually appears early in life, usually in infancy or early childhood.

Symptoms of a child with cerebral palsy vary from one person to person which may include: delayed in reaching developmental milestones, weakness in one or more arm or leg, lack of muscle coordination when performing voluntary movements (ataxia), muscle spasms, muscle tone that either are too stiff or too floppy, fidgety, jerky or clumsy movements, walking on tip-toes, or excessive drooling or difficulties swallowing or speaking.

There is no known cure for the condition, but supportive treatments, therapy, medications, and surgery are facilitated to improve the life of the child.

Nursing Care Plans

Nursing goals for a client with cerebral palsy include optimize mobility and prevent deformity, improve nutritional status, strengthen family support, foster self-care, enhanced communication and provide quality of life.

Here are seven nursing care plans and nursing diagnosis for cerebral palsy:

  1. Impaired Physical Mobility
  2. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements
  3. Impaired Verbal Communication
  4. Ineffective Therapeutic Regimen Management
  5. Risk for Injury
  6. Risk for Delayed Growth and Development
  7. Risk for Self-Care Deficit
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Ineffective Therapeutic Regimen Management

Nursing Diagnosis

May be related to

  • Excessive demands made on family with child’s complex care
    needs
  • Knowledge deficits of prescribed regimen

Possibly evidenced by

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  • Anxious parents
  • Verbalized difficulty with prescribed regimen

Desired Outcomes

  • Family will adapt to growth and development needs of a child with cerebral palsy.
Nursing InterventionsRationale
Encourage the parent to express the impact of their child’s condition on the family.Helps the parents to vent their feelings/concerns.
Assess the coping ability of the family.This will determine how much support and guidance the family may need.
Evaluate the child’s various progress and commend the family for care provided during the home visits.The child’s progress is a
positive reinforcement of the family’s efforts in handling the situation.
Educate the family on different skills needed to manage the child’s care (such as physical rehabilitation, proper nutrition, medication administration, ROM exercises, seizure management).Complex skills must be learned
before they can be performed with
competence.
Involve siblings in the care of the
child with cerebral palsy.
Siblings of the child with cerebral
palsy may feel neglected because of
the care provided. Special efforts
contribute to meeting the
developmental needs of all family
members.
Provide referral to other parents and support groups.These support groups will enable the family to learn and integrate their experience into their own.
Explore community services for
rehabilitation, respite care,
childcare, and other needs and
refer family as appropriate.
Diverse services are available and
will be needed due to the multiple
impacts of cerebral palsy on the
child.
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Recommended Resources

Recommended nursing diagnosis and nursing care plan books and resources.

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See also

Other recommended site resources for this nursing care plan:

Other nursing care plans related to neurological disorders:

Paul Martin is a registered nurse with a bachelor of science in nursing since 2007. Having worked as a medical-surgical nurse for five years, he handled different kinds of patients and learned how to provide individualized care to them. Now, his experiences working in the hospital is carried over to his writings to help aspiring students achieve their goals. He is currently working as a nursing instructor and have a particular interest in nursing management, emergency care, critical care, infection control, and public health. As a writer at Nurseslabs, his goal is to impart his clinical knowledge and skills to students and nurses helping them become the best version of themselves and ultimately make an impact in uplifting the nursing profession.
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