6 Urinary Tract Infection Nursing Care Plans

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Urinary tract infections (UTI) are caused by pathogenic microorganisms in the urinary tract (kidney, bladder, urethra). The majority of UTIs are caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), normally found in the digestive system. Usually, bacteria that enter the urinary tract system are removed by the body before they can cause symptoms. But, in some cases, bacteria overcomes the natural defenses of the body, therefore causes infection.

An infection in the urethra is called urethritis. A bladder infection is called cystitis. Bacteria may ascend up to the ureters to multiply and cause the infection of the kidneys (pyelonephritis).

Signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections include; fever, chills, a strong, persistent urge to urinate, burning sensation when urinating, cloudy, foul-smelling urine, and pelvic pain in women.

Nursing Care Plans

The focus of this care plan for Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) include relief of pain and discomfort, increased knowledge of preventive measures and treatment regimen, and absence of complications.

Here are six (6) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for patients with urinary tract infections (UTI):

  1. Impaired Urinary Elimination
  2. Infection
  3. Acute Pain
  4. Deficient Knowledge
  5. Disturbed Sleep Pattern
  6. Hyperthermia
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Disturbed Sleep Pattern

Disturbed Sleep Pattern: Time-limited disruption of sleep (natural periodic suspension of consciousness)

May be related to

  • Nocturia.
  • Pain.

Possibly evidenced by

  • Sleep onset greater than 30 minutes.
  • Sleep maintenance insomnia.
  • Restlessness; irritability.

Desired Outcomes

  • Client will report improvement in sleep/rest pattern.
  • Client will report sense of well-being and feeling rested.
Nursing InterventionsRationale
Identify the client’s sleeping habits/routine and changes.To determine usual sleep pattern and appropriate interventions.
Provide comfort measures such as warm bath, back rub.To increase relaxation and improve the sleeping pattern.
Encourage the client to drink milk.L-tryptophan in milk helps induce and maintain sleep.
Reduce environmental distraction such as noise and light.Provide a situation conducive to sleep.
Limit fluid intake during night time.To minimize the need to urinate in the evening.
Encourage to limit intake of chocolate and caffeinated beverages prior to bedtime.Caffeine increases alertness by blocking sleep-inducing chemicals in the brain and increasing adrenaline production.
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See Also

You may also like the following posts and care plans:

Genitourinary Care Plans

Care plans related to the reproductive and urinary system disorders:

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