Urinary tract infections (UTI) are caused by pathogenic microorganisms in the urinary tract (kidney, bladder, urethra). The majority of UTIs are caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), normally found in the digestive system. Usually, bacteria that enter the urinary tract system are removed by the body before they can cause symptoms. But, in some cases, bacteria overcomes the natural defenses of the body, therefore causes infection.
An infection in the urethra is called urethritis. A bladder infection is called cystitis. Bacteria may ascend up to the ureters to multiply and cause the infection of the kidneys (pyelonephritis).
Signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections include; fever, chills, a strong, persistent urge to urinate, burning sensation when urinating, cloudy, foul-smelling urine, and pelvic pain in women.
The focus of this care plan for Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) include relief of pain and discomfort, increased knowledge of preventive measures and treatment regimen, and absence of complications.
Here are six (6) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for patients with urinary tract infections (UTI):
- Impaired Urinary Elimination
- Acute Pain
- Deficient Knowledge
- Disturbed Sleep Pattern
Disturbed Sleep Pattern
Disturbed Sleep Pattern: Time-limited disruption of sleep (natural periodic suspension of consciousness)
May be related to
Possibly evidenced by
- Sleep onset greater than 30 minutes.
- Sleep maintenance insomnia.
- Restlessness; irritability.
- Client will report improvement in sleep/rest pattern.
- Client will report sense of well-being and feeling rested.
|Identify the client’s sleeping habits/routine and changes.||To determine usual sleep pattern and appropriate interventions.|
|Provide comfort measures such as warm bath, back rub.||To increase relaxation and improve the sleeping pattern.|
|Encourage the client to drink milk.||L-tryptophan in milk helps induce and maintain sleep.|
|Reduce environmental distraction such as noise and light.||Provide a situation conducive to sleep.|
|Limit fluid intake during night time.||To minimize the need to urinate in the evening.|
|Encourage to limit intake of chocolate and caffeinated beverages prior to bedtime.||Caffeine increases alertness by blocking sleep-inducing chemicals in the brain and increasing adrenaline production.|
You may also like the following posts and care plans:
- Nursing Care Plan: The Ultimate Guide and Database – the ultimate database of nursing care plans for different diseases and conditions! Get the complete list!
- Nursing Diagnosis: The Complete Guide and List – archive of different nursing diagnoses with their definition, related factors, goals and nursing interventions with rationale.
Genitourinary Care Plans
Care plans related to the reproductive and urinary system disorders:
- Acute Glomerulonephritis | 4 Care Plans
- Acute Renal Failure | 6 Care Plans
- Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) | 5 Care Plans
- Chronic Renal Failure | 11 Care Plans
- Hemodialysis | 3 Care Plans
- Hysterectomy | 6 Care Plans
- Mastectomy | 14+ Care Plans
- Menopause | 6 Care Plans
- Nephrotic Syndrome | 5 Care Plans
- Peritoneal Dialysis | 6 Care Plans
- Prostatectomy | 6 Care Plans
- Urolithiasis (Renal Calculi) | 4 Care Plans
- Urinary Tract Infection | 6 Care Plans
- Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR) | 5 Care Plans