6 Urinary Tract Infection Nursing Care Plans


Urinary tract infections (UTI) are caused by pathogenic microorganisms in the urinary tract (kidney, bladder, urethra). The majority of UTIs are caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), normally found in the digestive system. Usually, bacteria that enter the urinary tract system are removed by the body before they can cause symptoms. But, in some cases, bacteria overcomes the natural defenses of the body, therefore causes infection.

An infection in the urethra is called urethritis. A bladder infection is called cystitis. Bacteria may ascend up to the ureters to multiply and cause the infection of the kidneys (pyelonephritis).

Signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections include; fever, chills, a strong, persistent urge to urinate, burning sensation when urinating, cloudy, foul-smelling urine, and pelvic pain in women.

Nursing Care Plans

The focus of this care plan for Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) include relief of pain and discomfort, increased knowledge of preventive measures and treatment regimen, and absence of complications.

Here are six (6) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for patients with urinary tract infections (UTI):

  1. Impaired Urinary Elimination
  2. Infection
  3. Acute Pain
  4. Deficient Knowledge
  5. Disturbed Sleep Pattern
  6. Hyperthermia

Impaired Urinary Elimination

Nursing Diagnosis

May be related to

  • Frequent urination, urgency, and hesitancy.

Possibly evidenced by

  • Dysuria.
  • Urinary frequency; urge.
  • Urinary hesitancy.

Desired Outcomes

  • Client will achieve normal urinary elimination pattern, as evidenced by absence sign of urinary disorders (urgency, oliguria, dysuria).
  • Client will demonstrate behavioral techniques to prevent urinary infection.
Nursing Interventions Rationale
Assess the patient’s pattern of elimination. Serve as a basis for determining appropriate interventions.
Note client’s age and gender. UTIs are more prevalent in women and older men.
Palpate the client’s bladder every 4 hours. To determine the presence of urinary retention.
Encourage increased fluid intake (3-4 liters a day if tolerated). To help improve renal blood flow.
Encourage the client to void every 2-3 hours. To prevent the accumulation of urine thus limiting the number of bacteria.
Instruct the female client to wipe the area from front to back and the avoidance of bath tubs. Proper perineal care helps in minimizing the risk of contamination and re-infection.
Maintain an acidic environment of the bladder by the use of agents such as Vit.C, Mandelamine (a urinary antiseptic) when appropriate. To prevent the occurrence of bacterial growth.

See Also

You may also like the following posts and care plans:

Genitourinary Care Plans

Care plans related to the reproductive and urinary system disorders:

Paul Martin is a registered nurse with a bachelor of science in nursing since 2007. Having worked as a medical-surgical nurse for five years, he handled different kinds of patients and learned how to provide individualized care to them. Now, his experiences working in the hospital is carried over to his writings to help aspiring students achieve their goals. He is currently working as a nursing instructor and have a particular interest in nursing management, emergency care, critical care, infection control, and public health. As a writer at Nurseslabs, his goal is to impart his clinical knowledge and skills to students and nurses helping them become the best version of themselves and ultimately make an impact in uplifting the nursing profession.

4 thoughts on “6 Urinary Tract Infection Nursing Care Plans”

  1. Thank you for sharing insight to urinary tract infections. The clinical relevance is super helpful in learning process and writing my pathophysiology paper on UTI’s.


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