8 Laminectomy (Disc Surgery) Nursing Care Plans


Laminectomy is a surgery that involves the excision of a vertebral posterior arch and is commonly performed for injury to the spinal column or to relieve pressure/pain in the presence of a herniated disc.  Also known as decompression surgery, the procedure may be done with or without fusion of vertebrae.

Nursing Care Plans

Nursing care planning and goals for patients who underwent disc surgery (laminectomy) includes maintaining tissue perfusion and neurological function, promoting comfort and healing, preventing or minimizing complications, assist with the return of normal mobility.

Below are eight (8) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for a patient who underwent a laminectomy (disc surgery):

  1. Impaired Physical Mobility
  2. Ineffective Tissue Perfusion
  3. Risk for Trauma
  4. Ineffective Breathing Pattern
  5. Acute Pain
  6. Constipation
  7. Risk for Urinary Retention
  8. Deficient Knowledge
  9. Other Nursing Diagnoses

Impaired Physical Mobility

Nursing Diagnosis

May be related to

  • Neuromuscular impairment
  • Limitations imposed by the condition
  • Pain

Possibly evidenced by

  • Impaired coordination, limited ROM
  • Reluctance to attempt movement
  • Decreased muscle strength/control

Desired Outcomes

  • Client will demonstrate techniques/behaviors that enable resumption of activities.
  • Client will maintain or increase the strength and function of the affected body part.
Nursing InterventionsRationale
Encourage the patient to move his legs, as allowed.Patient participation promotes independence and sense of control.
Work closely with the physical therapy department.To ensure a consistent regimen of leg-and-back-strengthening exercises.
Schedule activity and procedures with rest periods. Encourage participation in ADLs within individual limitations.Enhances healing and builds muscle strength and endurance. Patient participation promotes independence and sense of control.
Provide and assist with passive and active ROM exercises depending on the surgical procedure.Strengthens abdominal muscles and flexors of spine; promotes good body mechanics.
Assist with activity and progressive ambulation.Until healing occurs, activity is limited and advanced slowly according to individual tolerance.
Review proper body mechanics and techniques for participation in activities.Reduces risk of muscle strain, injury, pain and increases the likelihood of patient involvement in progressive activity.


Recommended Resources

Recommended nursing diagnosis and nursing care plan books and resources.

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See also

Other recommended site resources for this nursing care plan:

Other nursing care plans for musculoskeletal disorders and conditions:


Matt Vera is a registered nurse with a bachelor of science in nursing since 2009 and is currently working as a full-time writer and editor for Nurseslabs. During his time as a student, he knows how frustrating it is to cram on difficult nursing topics. Finding help online is nearly impossible. His situation drove his passion for helping student nurses by creating content and lectures that are easy to digest. Knowing how valuable nurses are in delivering quality healthcare but limited in number, he wants to educate and inspire nursing students. As a nurse educator since 2010, his goal in Nurseslabs is to simplify the learning process, break down complicated topics, help motivate learners, and look for unique ways of assisting students in mastering core nursing concepts effectively.
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