Urinary tract infections (UTI) are caused by pathogenic microorganisms in the urinary tract (kidney, bladder, urethra). The majority of UTIs are caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), normally found in the digestive system. Usually, bacteria that enter the urinary tract system are removed by the body before they can cause symptoms. But, in some cases, bacteria overcomes the natural defenses of the body, therefore causes infection.
An infection in the urethra is called urethritis. A bladder infection is called cystitis. Bacteria may ascend up to the ureters to multiply and cause the infection of the kidneys (pyelonephritis).
Signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections include; fever, chills, a strong, persistent urge to urinate, burning sensation when urinating, cloudy, foul-smelling urine, and pelvic pain in women.
The focus of this care plan for Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) include relief of pain and discomfort, increased knowledge of preventive measures and treatment regimen, and absence of complications.
Here are six (6) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for patients with urinary tract infections (UTI):
- Impaired Urinary Elimination
- Acute Pain
- Deficient Knowledge
- Disturbed Sleep Pattern
Hyperthermia: Body temperature elevated above normal range.
May be related to
Possibly evidenced by
- Increase body temperature above normal range.
- Flushed skin; warm to touch.
- Client will maintain core temperature within normal range.
|Assess for signs of increased body temperature.||Increased body temperature will show a variety of symptoms such as sweating, shivering, headache, warm skin, and body malaise.|
|Monitor vital signs, especially temperature, as indicated.||To determine appropriate interventions.|
|Provide tepid sponge bath.||A tepid sponge bath is done to reduce fever.|
|Encourage adequate fluid intake.||To prevent the occurrence of dehydration.|
|Encourage the use of hypothermia blanket and wrap extremities with bath towels.||This will help to reduce shivering.|
|Maintain bed rest.||To reduce metabolic demands/oxygen consumption.|
|Administer antipyretic drugs as indicated.||To reduce body temperature.|
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Genitourinary Care Plans
Care plans related to the reproductive and urinary system disorders:
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- Peritoneal Dialysis | 6 Care Plans
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- Urinary Tract Infection | 6 Care Plans
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