Whether it is a brief hospital admission, a follow-up check-up, surgery, or recurrent hospitalizations due to chronic illness, a child who is hospitalized creates a crisis within the family. Child’s responses to hospitalization are associated to the developmental level but usually include fear of separation, loss of control, injury, and pain.
The smoothness of transition from home to the hospital relies on how well the child has been prepared for it and how the child’s physical and emotional needs have been satisfied. Providing support to the family, supplying them with information, and empowering their participation in the child’s care adds to the adjustment and well-being of all concerned.
Nursing Care Plans
The major nursing care plan goals for a child who is hospitalized include increased ability to perform self-care activities, relief of anxiety, and an increased sense of power of family in making decisions and absence of injury.
Here are five (5) nursing care plans (NCP) for hospitalized child:
Self-Care Deficit: Impaired ability to perform or complete activities of daily living for oneself, such as feeding, dressing, bathing, toileting.
May be related to
- Inability to perform ADL
Possibly evidenced by
- Inability to wash body, take off or put on clothing, feed self
- Inability to carry out toileting with use of bedpan or go to the bathroom
- Required bed rest
- Positioning or mechanical limitations
- Fatigue, Weakness
- Child will attain maximum self-care capability with or without the use of aids.
|Assess physical tolerance and abilities to perform ADL, and play activities and restrictions imposed by the illness and medical protocol.||Provides information about the amount of energy and effect of illness on activity level.|
|Provide personal care for the infant and small child; assist child and adjust times and methods to fit home routine.||Provides needed assistance where using patterns and articles that encourage the parent to assist the child. Child is accustomed to using and doing.|
|Anticipate child’s needs for toileting, feeding, brushing teeth, bathing and other care if unable to manage on own; allow the child to do as much as possible.||Prevents embarrassing experiences with toileting and maintains comfort with personal cleanliness and appearance.|
|Praise the child for participation in own
care according to age, developmental level, and energy.
|Promotes self-esteem and independence.|
|Balance activities with rest as needed; place needed articles and call light within reach if appropriate.||Prevents fatigue by conserving energy and promoting rest.|
|Provide assistive aids or devices to
perform ADL, allow choices when possible.
|Assists child in performing self-care for ADL.|
|Encourage rest and quiet periods.||Ensures proper rest and prevents fatigue.|
|Instruct parents to interpret child’s needs if the child is too young to talk.||Provides anticipatory care for the child.|
|Provide instructions in bathing, hygiene, toileting, feeding, dressing while in hospital environment and inform of differences from home care and methods as needed.||Promotes performance of ADL skills already known by child.|
|Encourage parents to assist the child in ADL but to allow the child as much independence as condition permits; inform parents that a place is provided for their personal needs in order to allow them to remain with the child.||Promotes independence and some control by the child without separating the child from parents.|
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Pediatric Nursing Care Plans
Nursing care plans for pediatric conditions and diseases:
- Acute Glomerulonephritis | 4 Care Plans
- Acute Rheumatic Fever | 4 Care Plans
- Apnea | 4 Care Plans
- Brain Tumor | 3 Care Plans
- Bronchiolitis | 5 Care Plans
- Cardiac Catheterization | 4 Care Plans
- Cerebral Palsy | 7 Care Plans
- Child Abuse | 4 Care Plans
- Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate | 6 Care Plans
- Congenital Heart Disease | 5 Care Plans
- Congenital Hip Dysplasia | 4 Care Plans
- Croup Syndrome | 5 Care Plans
- Cryptorchidism (Undescended Testes) | 3 Care Plans
- Cystic Fibrosis | 5 Care Plans
- Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 (Juvenile Diabetes) | 4 Care Plans
- Dying Child | 4 Care Plans
- Epiglottitis | 5 Care Plans
- Febrile Seizure | 4 Care Plans
- Guillain-Barre Syndrome | 6 Care Plans
- Hospitalized Child | 5 Care Plans
- Hydrocephalus | 5 Care Plans
- Hypospadias and Epispadias | 4 Care Plans
- Intussusception | 3 Care Plans
- Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis | 4 Care Plans
- Kawasaki Disease | 6 Care Plans
- Meningitis | 7 Care Plans
- Nephrotic Syndrome | 5 Care Plans
- Osteogenic Sarcoma (Osteosarcoma) | 4 Care Plans
- Otitis Media | 4 Care Plans
- Scoliosis | 4 Care Plans
- Spina Bifida | 7 Care Plans
- Tonsillitis and Adenoiditis | 4 Care Plans
- Umbilical and Inguinal Hernia | 4 Care Plans
- Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR) | 5 Care Plans
- Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma) | 4 Care Plans
Recommended books and resources:
- Nursing Care Plans: Diagnoses, Interventions, and Outcomes
- Nurse's Pocket Guide: Diagnoses, Prioritized Interventions and Rationales
- Nursing Diagnoses 2015-17: Definitions and Classification
- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V-TR)
- Manual of Psychiatric Nursing Care Planning
- Maternal Newborn Nursing Care Plans
- Delmar's Maternal-Infant Nursing Care Plans, 2nd Edition
- Maternal Newborn Nursing Care Plans