7 Anemia Nursing Care Plans

Use this nursing care plan and management guide to help care for patients with anemia. Learn about the nursing assessment, nursing interventions, goals and nursing diagnosis for anemia in this guide.

What is Anemia?

Anemia is an extremely common disease affecting up to one-third of the global population. The hemoglobin level is lower than normal, reflecting a decrease in the number or derangement in the function of red blood cells within the circulation. As a result, the amount of oxygen delivered to body tissues is also lessened. Anemia, like fever, is a sign that requires investigation to determine the underlying etiology.  Anemia is usually discovered and quantified by measurement of the RBC count, hemoglobin concentration, and hematocrit (Maakaron & Besa, 2021).

The etiology of anemia depends on whether the anemia is hypoproliferative or hyperproliferative. Hypoproliferative anemias are corrected reticulocyte count of < 2%, and are further divided by the mean corpuscular volume into microcytic anemia (MCV <80 fl), normocytic anemia (MCV 80 to 100 fl), and macrocytic anemia (MCV >100 fl). Hyperproliferative anemia refers to a corrected reticulocyte count of >2% (Xiao, 2022). 

The most serious complications of severe anemia arise from tissue hypoxia. Shock, hypotension, or coronary and pulmonary insufficiency can occur, mostly in older adult individuals with underlying pulmonary and cardiovascular disease (Maakaron & Besa, 2021).

Nursing Care Plans & Management

Nursing priorities for patients with anemia involve addressing inadequate oxygenation, managing fatigue and activity intolerance, identifying nutritional deficiencies, administering prescribed medications, monitoring blood transfusions, providing education and support, and collaborating with the healthcare team for comprehensive care.

Nursing Problem Priorities

The following are the nursing priorities for patients with anemia:

  1. Inadequate oxygenation
  2. Fatigue and activity tolerance
  3. Nutritional deficiencies
  4. Medication management
  5. Blood transfusion management
  6. Education and self-care
Paul Martin R.N. brings his wealth of experience from five years as a medical-surgical nurse to his role as a nursing instructor and writer for Nurseslabs, where he shares his expertise in nursing management, emergency care, critical care, infection control, and public health to help students and nurses become the best version of themselves and elevate the nursing profession.

14 thoughts on “7 Anemia Nursing Care Plans”

  1. Hello! I am a nurse student at the state university of Zanzibar. This article helped me a lot, it’s simplified and easy to memorize. Thank you a lot for the great work you are doing and may God bless you!

    Reply
  2. Hello, am a student nurse at Kamuzu College of Nursing in Malawi, this article helped me a lot. It’s simple and well summarised

    Reply
  3. Hullo, I am a student at the Aga Khan University in Uganda, Kampala doing BScM. The article has been of great help well summarized and easy to understand, good work thank.

    Reply
  4. Hello, I’m a BSN student at the Catholic University of Eastern Africa. This article has made it easy for me to understand. Thank you.
    Kenya.

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  5. Hai, I am a nursing student in Kerala.This article helped me a lot to understand easily and to complete my works. Thanks

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  6. “Oxygen saturation should be kept at 90% or greater.”
    In anemic conditions Hgb will be 100% saturated, there’s just not enough RBCs to effeciently exchange gas. RR/SOB is a better better VS indicator for anemia

    Reply
  7. hi, I’m a nursing student in Lambton college here in Canada, and I really thank you for putting this together, it has been helpful to me and my peers al through clinical placements.

    Reply
  8. Hello!,I am a nurse from Jimma University this article had prepared well and it helped me,thank you for ur preparation.

    Reply

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