7 Hyperthyroidism Nursing Care Plans

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Hyperthyroidism, also known as Grave’s disease, Basedow’s disease, or thyrotoxicosis is a metabolic imbalance that results from overproduction of thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). The most common form is Graves’ disease, but other forms of hyperthyroidism include toxic adenoma, TSH-secreting pituitary tumor, subacute or silent thyroiditis, and some forms of thyroid cancer.

Thyroid storm is a rarely encountered manifestation of hyperthyroidism that can be precipitated by such events as thyroid ablation (surgical or radioiodine), medication overdosage, and trauma. This condition constitutes a medical emergency.

Nursing Care Plans

Nursing care management for patients with hyperthyroidism requires vigilant care to prevent acute exacerbations and complications.

Here are seven (7) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for patients with hyperthyroidism:

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  1. Risk for Decreased Cardiac Output
  2. Fatigue
  3. Risk for Disturbed Thought Processes
  4. Risk for Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements
  5. Anxiety
  6. Risk for Impaired Tissue Integrity
  7. Deficient Knowledge
  8. Other Possible Nursing Care Plans
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Fatigue

Nursing Diagnosis

May be related to

  • Hypermetabolic state with increased energy requirements
  • Irritability of central nervous system (CNS); altered body chemistry

Possibly evidenced by

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  • Verbalization of overwhelming lack of energy to maintain the usual routine, decreased performance
  • Emotional lability/irritability; nervousness, tension
  • Jittery behavior
  • Impaired ability to concentrate

Desired Outcomes

  • Client will verbalize increase in the level of energy.
  • Client will display improved ability to participate in desired activities.
Nursing InterventionsRationale
Monitor vital signs, noting pulse rate at rest and when active.Pulse is typically elevated and, even at rest, tachycardia (up to 160 beats/min) may be noted.
Note development of tachypnea, dyspnea, pallor, and cyanosis.O2 demand and consumption are increased in the hypermetabolic state, potentiating the risk of hypoxia with activity.
Provide for a quiet environment; cool room, decreased sensory stimuli, soothing colors, quiet music.Reduces stimuli that may aggravate agitation, hyperactivity, and insomnia.
Encourage patient to restrict activity and rest in bed as much as possible.Helps counteract effects of increased metabolism.
Provide comfort measures: touch therapy or massage, cool showers. Patient with dyspnea will be most comfortable sitting in high Fowler’s position.May decrease nervous energy, promoting relaxation.
Provide for diversional activities that are calming, e.g., reading, radio, television.Allows for use of nervous energy in a constructive manner and may reduce anxiety.
Avoid topics that irritate or upset patient. Discuss ways to respond to these feelings.Increased irritability of the CNS may cause the patient to be easily excited, agitated, and prone to emotional outbursts.
Discuss with SO reasons for fatigue and emotional lability.Understanding that the behavior is physically based may enhance coping with the current situation and encourage SO to respond positively and provide support for the patient.
Administer medications as indicated: Sedatives such as phenobarbital (Luminal); antianxiety agents; chlordiazepoxide (Librium)Combats nervousness, hyperactivity, and insomnia.
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Recommended Resources

Recommended nursing diagnosis and nursing care plan books and resources.

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See also

Other recommended site resources for this nursing care plan:

Other nursing care plans related to endocrine system and metabolism disorders:

Matt Vera is a registered nurse with a bachelor of science in nursing since 2009 and is currently working as a full-time writer and editor for Nurseslabs. During his time as a student, he knows how frustrating it is to cram on difficult nursing topics. Finding help online is nearly impossible. His situation drove his passion for helping student nurses by creating content and lectures that are easy to digest. Knowing how valuable nurses are in delivering quality healthcare but limited in number, he wants to educate and inspire nursing students. As a nurse educator since 2010, his goal in Nurseslabs is to simplify the learning process, break down complicated topics, help motivate learners, and look for unique ways of assisting students in mastering core nursing concepts effectively.
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