Bronchial asthma is a disease caused by increased responsiveness of the tracheobronchial tree to various stimuli. The result is paroxysmal constriction of the bronchial airways.
Bronchial asthma is the more correct name for the common form of asthma.
What do you think is the nursing goal for patient’s with bronchial asthma, and what is that one-most nursing diagnosis that pops to your head when you hear asthma?
This post contains 5 bronchial asthma nursing care plans.
1. Ineffective Airway Clearance - Bronchial Asthma Nursing Care Plans
The presence of a foreign microorganism triggers the B lymphocyte to produce antibodies that are specific to that antigen. These antibodies then attach to mast cells in the lungs. The mast cells with the antibody attaches to the antigen and begins to degranulate. This degranulation causes the release of certain chemical mediators, namely, histamine, bradykinin, prostaglandin, and leukotriene. These chemical mediators cause bronchospasm leading to bronchoconstriction, increased vascular permeability leading to fluid leakage from the lung vasculature and increased mucus production. These lead to swelling of the bronchi, mucus buildup that plugs the airway and decreased bronchial diameter. This causes an increased airway resistance and a constricted pathway for air. Air cannot pass effectively and this manifests as a whistling sound. Coughing is a way to expel the obstruction (mucus plug) while dyspnea is a manifestation of the increased airway resistance.
nursing care plan for asthma, nursing diagnosis for asthma, asthma nursing care plan, ineffective airway clearance ncp, ncp for asthma, ineffective airway clearance related to asthma, asthma nursing diagnosis