Precipitous labor occurs when the uterine contractions are so strong that the woman is able to give birth with just a few, rapidly occurring contractions. This kind of labor only lasts for not more than 3 hours. Because the contractions are so forceful, premature separation of the placenta may occur and the woman might feel overwhelmed with the speed of labor.
The nursing care for patients with precipitous labor revolves around promoting maternal and fetal well-being, prevention of complications, and providing a safe delivery.
Here are three (3) nursing care plans and nursing diagnosis for precipitous labor:
Risk for Deficient Fluid Volume
- Loss of fluids through normal routes
- Forceful contractions
- Premature separation of the placenta
Possibly evidenced by:
- Significant blood loss due to premature separation of placenta
- Decreased electrolyte level
- Patient will identify individual risk factors and appropriate interventions.
- Patient will demonstrate behaviors or lifestyle changes to prevent development of fluid volume deficit.
|Note client’s level of consciousness and mentation.||To evaluate ability to express needs.|
|Monitor intake and output balance.||To ensure accurate picture of fluid status.|
|Monitor vital signs.||To establish baseline data and note changes.|
|Encourage oral intake.||To aid in replacing fluid losses.|
|Provide supplemental fluids as indicated.||Fluids may be given in this manner if client is unable to take oral fluids.|
|Administer medications as indicated.||To restore and rule out any underlying conditions.|
|Review appropriate use of medications.||Those that have potential for causing and exacerbating the present condition.|
Anxiety: Vague uneasy feeling of discomfort or dread accompanied by an autonomic response.
May be related to
- Situational crisis
- Threat to self and/or fetus
- Interpersonal tranmission
Possibly evidenced by
- Increased tension
- Restless, jittery
- Sympathetic stimulation
- Patient will use breathing and relaxation techniques effectively
- Patient will cooperate with necessary preparations for a rapid delivery
- Patient will follow directions and/or actively participate in delivery process
|Maintain a calm, deliberate manner. Offer clear and concise instructions. Provide explanations.||An emergency or extremely rapid delivery occuring out of the hospital or in a hospital setting without the presence of a clinician can be extremely anxiety-provoking for the client or couple, who had anticipated an orderly progression trhough labor and delivery. When the actual birth event is not in keeping with their expectations, reactions may include hostility, fear, and disappointment. The composure of the nurse and her reassurance helps prevent or alleviate anxiety.|
|Provide a quiet environment and privacy within parameters of the situation. Position client for optimal comfort.||Reduces distractions and discomfort, allowing the client to focus. Helps reduce “contagious” anxiety of onlookers in or out of hospital delivery and supports modesty.|
|Encourage partner or SO to remain with the client, provide support and assistance as needed.||Allowing full participation by an SO enhances self-esteem, furthers cohesion of family unit, reduces anxiety, and provides assistance for the professional.|
|Remain with the client. Provide ongoing information regarding labor progression and anticipated delivery.||Reduces anxiety, fosters positive coping and cooperation, and reduces fear associated with the unknown.|
|Encourage appropriate coping or relaxation techniques.||Enhances sense of control; optimizes participation in the birth process.|
|Arrange for services of medical or nursing staff as soon as possible. Inform client that help has been requested.||The arrival of assistance helps the client or couple feel less anxious and more secure.|
|Conduct delivery in a calm manner; provide ongoing explanation.||Helps client remain calm and cooperate with instructions.|
|Place newborn on maternal abdomen once newborn respirations are established. Allow partner to hold infant.||Helps promote bonding and establishes a positive feeling about the experience.|
|Administer sedation as appropriate.||May help slow labor progress and allow client to regain control.|
Risk for Infection
- Inadequate primary defense (e.g. skin)
- Inadequate secondary defense (e.g. decreased hemoglobin)
- Premature rupture of membranes
Possibly evidenced by:
- [Not applicable]
- Patient will be afebrile and free from leucopenia.
- Patient will verbalize understanding of individual risk factors.
- Patient will identify interventions to prevent or reduce infection.
- Patient will achieve timely wound healing.
|Observe for localized signs of infection at the wound.||To establish presence of infection.|
|Stress proper hand hygiene by all caregivers between therapies and clients.||A first-line defense against healthcare-associated infections.|
|Recommend routine or preoperative body scrubs or showers when indicated||To reduce bacterial colonization.|
|Maintain sterile technique for all invasive procedures.||To prevent introduction of pathogens|
|Cover perineal dressings with plastic when using bedpan.||To prevent contamination.|
|Administer/monitor medication regimen and note client’s response.||To determine effectiveness of therapy or presence of side effects.|
|Emphasize necessity of taking antibiotics as directed.||Premature discontinuation of treatment when client begins to feel well may result in return of infection and potentiation of drug-resistant strains.|
|Discuss importance of not taking antibiotics or using leftover drugs unless specifically instructed by healthcare provider.||Inappropriate use can lead to development of drug-resistant strains or secondary infections.|
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Maternal and Newborn Care Plans
Nursing care plans related to the care of the pregnant mother and her infant. See care plans for maternity and obstetric nursing:
- Abruptio Placenta| 3 Care Plan
- Cesarean Birth | 10 Care Plans
- Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip | 6 Care Plans
- Dysfunctional Labor (Dystocia) | 4 Care Plans
- Elective Termination | 6 Care Plans
- Gestational Diabetes Mellitus | 4 Care Plans
- Hyperbilirubinemia | 4 Care Plans
- Labor Stages, Induced and Augmented Labor | 36 Care Plans
- Neonatal Sepsis | 5 Care Plans
- Perinatal Loss | 5 Care Plans
- Placenta Previa | 3 Care Plans
- Postpartum Hemorrhage | 8 Care Plans
- Postpartum Thrombophlebitis | 4 Care Plans
- Prenatal Hemorrhage | 7 Care Plans
- Prenatal Substance Dependence/Abuse | 6 Care Plans
- Precipitous Labor | 3 Care Plans
- Pregnancy Induced Hypertension | 6 Care Plans
- Premature Dilation of the Cervix | 3 Care Plans
- Prenatal Infection | 3 Care Plans
- Preterm Labor | 6 Care Plans
- Puerperal Infection | 4 Care Plans