6 Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Nursing Care Plans

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Pregnancy induced hypertension, also known as gestational hypertension, is a potentially life-threatening disorder that usually develops late in the second trimester or in the third trimester. The non-convulsive form of PIH is termed as preeclampsia ranging from mild to severe. The convulsive form is eclampsia. The cause of this disorder is unknown but geographic, ethnic, racial, nutritional, immunologic, and familial factors and preexisting vascular disease may contribute to its development.

Nursing Care Plans

Nursing care for PIH involves providing adequate nutrition, good prenatal care, and control of pre-existing hypertension during pregnancy decrease the incidence and severity of preeclampsia. Early recognition and prompt treatment of preeclampsia can prevent progression to eclampsia.

Here are six (6) nursing diagnosis for your nursing care plans on Gestational Hypertension or Pregnancy Induced Hypertension

  1. Deficient Fluid Volume
  2. Decreased Cardiac Output
  3. Altered Tissue Perfusion (Uteroplacental)
  4. Risk for Maternal Injury
  5. Risk for Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements
  6. Deficient Knowledge
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Risk for Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements

Nursing Diagnosis

  • Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements

May be related to

  • Intake insufficient to meet metabolic demands and replace losses

Possibly evidenced by

  • [Not applicable; presence of signs/symptoms establishes an
    actual diagnosis]

Desired Outcomes

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  • Patient verbalizes understanding of individual dietary needs.
  • Patient demonstrates knowledge of proper diet as evidenced by developing a dietary plan within own financial resources.
  • Patient displays appropriate weight gain.
Nursing Interventions Rationale
Determine patient’s nutritional status, condition of hair and nails, and height and pregravid weight. Establishes guidelines for determining dietary needs and educating patient. Malnutrition may be a contributing factor to the onset of PIH, specifically when client follows a low-protein diet, has insufficient caloric intake, and is overweight or underweight by 20% or more before conception.
Provide information about normal weight gain in pregnancy, modifying it to meet client’s needs. The underweight patient may need a diet higher in calories; the obese patient should avoid dieting because it places the fetus at risk for ketosis.
Present oral/written information about action and uses of protein and its role in development of PIH. Regular intake of 80–100 g/day (1.5 g/kg) is sufficient to replace proteins lost in urine and allow for normal serum oncotic pressure.
Provide information regarding effect of bedrest and reduced activity on protein requirements. Decreasing metabolic rate through bedrest and limited activity reduces protein needs.
Collaborate with dietitian, as indicated. Helpful in creating individual dietary plan incorporating specific needs/restrictions.
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See Also

You may also like the following posts and care plans:

Maternal and Newborn Care Plans

Nursing care plans related to the care of the pregnant mother and her infant. See care plans for maternity and obstetric nursing:

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